Act 3 Macbeth

Macbeth - Blood Imagery In Macbeth
Macbeth - Blood Imagery In Macbeth
Macbeth - Blood Imagery in Macbeth William Shakespeare wrote the Tragedy of Macbeth in approximately 1606 AD. He loosely based it on a historical event occurring around 1050 AD. Macbeth is the story of a nobleman, who, while trying to fulfill a prophecy told to him by three witches, murders his King to cause his ascension to the throne of Scotland. After the King?s murder, Macbeth reigns as a cruel and ruthless tyrant, who is forced to kill more people to keep control of the throne. Finally, Sco
Macbeth - Blood As An Image In Macbeth
Macbeth - Blood As An Image In Macbeth
Macbeth - Blood as an Image in Macbeth Shakespeare uses the symbol of blood in MacBeth to represent treason, guilt, murder and death. These ideas are constant throughout the book. There are many examples of blood representing these three ideas in the book. Blood is mentioned throughout the play and mainly in reference to murder or treason. The first reference to blood is in MacBeth's soliloquy in Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 33-61, when Macbeth sees the bloody dagger floating in the air before him. Als
Macbeth - Authority
Macbeth - Authority
Macbeth - Authority Authority poisons everybody who takes authority on himself (Vladimir Ilyich Lenin), this quote applies to the play, Macbeth. In the play, Macbeth kills the respected King Duncan so that he can be king. However, during his rule, Macbeth demonstrates that he is incapable of mastering the power and responsibilities of being a king. His drive for power and maintaining his power is the source of his downfall. Macbeth is not meant to have authority beyond Thane of Cawdor. When Ma
Macbeth - Influence Of Characters On Macbeth
Macbeth - Influence Of Characters On Macbeth
Macbeth - Influence of Characters On Macbeth One of the most commonly debated issues concerning morality is the concept of nature versus nurture. Which is more integral to one?s behavior: the inborn qualities or the influences of life on the individual? Mark Twain, in his essay entitled What Is Man? describes humankind this way: Man the machine--man the impersonal engine. Whatsoever a man is, is due to his MAKE, and to the INFLUENCES brought to bear upon it by his heredities, his habitat, his
Shakespeare And Kingship
Shakespeare And Kingship
Shakespeare and Kingship In writing his history plays, Shakespeare was actually commenting on what he thought about the notion of kingship. Through his plays, he questions the divine right of kings, which the kings and the aristocracy used heavily in their favour to win the people's love. In Macbeth, King Richard II and King Henry IV part 1, Shakespeare shows us his opinion of kingship in general. Although the plays are written about individual kings, I think that Shakespeare used the plays as a
Shakespeare - Tragic Heros
Shakespeare - Tragic Heros
Shakespeare - Tragic Heros The name tragic hero , which has become synonymous with Shakespearean dramas, was developed before Hamlet, Macbeth or any of Shakespeare?s well-known plays were written. The literary term was actually discovered around 330 BC by the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. Through his theory of catharsis, Aristotle debated that the great plays of Sophicles, Euripides, and other Greek playwrights contained tragic heroes similar to each other, which all portrayed four basic
Shakespeare - His View On Kingship
Shakespeare - His View On Kingship
Shakespeare - His view on kingship Shakespeare?s ideas towards kingship can be seen throughout the play. He shows that a king should be chosen by divine right and shows the attributes of what a good king should be. The play ?Macbeth? is set in medieval Scotland at the fictional time of King Duncan. Scotland is currently at war with the Norwegians when news of their victory comes through, with thanks to the two leaders of the army Macbeth and Banquo. On their travel home Macbeth and Banquo stumbl
Othello - The Greatest Tragedy
Othello - The Greatest Tragedy
Othello - The Greatest Tragedy A Shakespearean tragedy is one that encompasses many different elements. Shakespeare presents all of these elements spectacularly in Othello. For a tragedy to occur there are five conditions. The protagonist, Othello in this case, must experience a death or a total loss of ranking in society. The audience must also be captured by the actors and feel some sort of connection to them. This is known as catharsis. In Shakespearean tragedies the protagonist always has a
Othello
Othello
Othello Othello. Othello is the title of the character and play that we all studied earlier this semester. However, it is Othello the character that I intend to discuss. Othello is the husband to the beautiful and innocent Desdemona, whom he murders because the villainous and honest Iago has misled him. A Moorish general in Venice, a society plagued with racism and where adultery is neither condemned nor approved of, Othello is in the midst of a society that will hinder and not support his progr
Macbeth - Witches
Macbeth - Witches
Macbeth - Witches To what extent are the witches in the tragedy Macbeth responsible for Macbeth's actions? The Three witches in the tragedy Macbeth are introduced right at the beginning of the play. They recount to Macbeth three prophesies. That Macbeth will be Thane of Cawdor, Thane of Glams and King. These prophesies introduce Macbeth to ideas of greatness. Macbeth will eventually follow through on killing king Duncan. It was sometimes thought that the witches had the ability to reverse the na
Macbeth - Tragedy
Macbeth - Tragedy
Macbeth - Tragedy According to the classical view, tragedy should arouse feelings of pity and fear in the audience. Does Macbeth do this? Tragedy has most definitely influenced the viewer?s thoughts on Macbeth within this play. In Shakespeare?s Macbeth, the audience sees a gradual breakdown in the character of Macbeth himself, due to the tragic events that unfold during the play. This has a direct effect on the audience?s views and thoughts of Macbeth, thus creating pity and fear within the audi
Macbeth - Foreshadowing Using Animals
Macbeth - Foreshadowing Using Animals
Macbeth - Foreshadowing Using Animals Thesis Statement: Throughout the play of Macbeth, Shakespeare chooses to use animals to portray foreshadowing, to develop character and to evoke a wide variety of emotions from the audience. A) Dramatic Purpose #1 To Characterize to show the development of a person/character. helps the audience to understand the true personalities of characters (not what their portrayed to be to others). 1. a) ... Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear, / The arm'd rhin
Macbeth - Supernatural
Macbeth - Supernatural
Macbeth - Supernatural In Shakespeare's Macbeth, specific scenes focus the readers' attention to the suspense and involvement of the supernatural. The use of witches, apparitions and ghosts provide important elements in making the play interesting. Examining certain scenes of the play, it can be determined that as supernatural occurrences develop, Macbeth reflects a darker self-image. Macbeth experiences his first strange encounter of the supernatural when he meets the three witches in act one,
Macbeth - Supernatural
Macbeth - Supernatural
Macbeth - Supernatural In the play Macbeth, there were many interesting sections which could be concentrated on due to the suspense and the involvement of the supernatural. The use of the supernatural in the witches, the visions, the ghost, and the apparitions is a key element in making the concept of the play work and in making the play interesting. Looking through each Act and Scene of the play, it is noticed that the supernatural is definitely a major factor on the play's style. The use of
Macbeth - Imagery
Macbeth - Imagery
Macbeth - Imagery If a picture tells a thousand words, than imagine the importance of an image upon a play as short as Macbeth. In any literary work, it is extremely important that the author can effectively manipulate a reader?s feelings towards a character. In Macbeth, that feat is accomplished magnificently by Shakespeare. Through his skillful use of imagery, Shakespeare shows us a deeper look into the true character of Macbeth. Though imagery is widespread throughout Macbeth, it is most domi
Macbeth - The Importance Of Night
Macbeth - The Importance Of Night
Macbeth - The Importance of Night When I thought about the role that the word night would play in the tragic play Macbeth, I found that there were a variety of possibilities. Immediately, I thought of the nighttime as a period of rest and revitalization. I expected that this would allow characters to recover from the day's many demands. Secondly, I connected the night to the unknown. In the night's cloak of darkness, many more things could go undiscovered than in the revealing light of day.
Macbeth - Downfall Of Macbeth
Macbeth - Downfall Of Macbeth
Macbeth - Downfall of Macbeth We see in the play Macbeth that when the motivation to succeed in life becomes overpowering, other people may easily influence one and elements and one may decide on wrongful actions to achieve a goal. Some of the influences on Macbeth include the witches and the apparitions, Lady Macbeth, and lastly Macbeth's own insecurities and misguided attempts to control his future. The witches and their prophecies are the first major influence on Macbeth's actions. Macbeth se
Macbeth - Downfall Of Lady Macbeth
Macbeth - Downfall Of Lady Macbeth
Macbeth - downfall of Lady Macbeth What do you think brought about the downfall of Lady Macbeth? There were several aspects of Shakespeare?s novel ?Macbeth? that led to the downfall of Lady Macbeth. The mentality of Lady Macbeth in the play changes dramatically from the wife a Noble General, to an evil aggressive murderer (brought upon by the witches predictions), and finally a woman who had de-graded to such an extent that she took her own life. We are not told an awful amount about Lady Macbet
Macbeth - Supernatural Forces Cause The Fall Of Man In Macbeth
Macbeth - Supernatural Forces Cause The Fall Of Man In Macbeth
Macbeth - Supernatural Forces cause the Fall of Man in Macbeth In Shakespeare?s Macbeth supernatural forces create a suspenseful atmosphere. The use of the supernatural in the witches, the visions, the ghost and the apparitions provides the backbone of the climax and excuses for Macbeth?s change of character. Because conscience plays such a central role in Macbeth?s tragic struggle, many critics use spiritual and supernatural theories to illuminate the drama?s character development. The play
Macbeth - Soliloquy Analysis
Macbeth - Soliloquy Analysis
Macbeth - Soliloquy Analysis The opposition of light and dark as symbols for life and death is the foundation upon which much of Shakesphere's Macbeth is built. In Act V Scene V of Macbeth, strong words covey all of these thoughts to the reader. The tone for Macbeth's speech is immediately set after hearing of the death of Lady Macbeth. Having lost his queen, and seeing his hopes turn to ashes, the bitter Macbeth now comments on life in caustic words. Tomorrow creeps in this petty pace. The ba
Macbeth - Kingship
Macbeth - Kingship
Macbeth - Kingship With detailed reference to the characters of Macbeth, Duncan, Malcolm and Edward in the play ?Macbeth?, analyse William Shakespeare?s ideas and attributes towards kingship and assess what you think the audiences reaction to the play would be at the time. Shakespeare?s ideas towards kingship can be seen throughout the play. He shows that a king should be chosen by divine right and shows the attributes of what a good king should be. The play ?Macbeth? is set in medieval Scotland
Macbeth - Power Shifts
Macbeth - Power Shifts
Macbeth - Power Shifts DRAMA OFTEN EXAMINES THE WAYS INDIVIDUALS STRUGGLE TO DOMINATE AND/OR MINIPULATE EACH OTHER. DISCUSS THE TECHNIQUES USED IN ONE OR MORE PLAYS, WHICH DRAW OUT ATTENTION TO THE POWER SHIFTS BWTWEEN CHARACTERS. The text Macbeth by famous playwright William Shakespeare portrays a dramatic power struggle by the careful employment of various literary techniques. Authority poisons everybody who takes authority on himself (Vladimir Ilyich Lenin) aptly describes this prominent th
Macbeth - Fate Or Free-will
Macbeth - Fate Or Free-will
Macbeth - fate or free-will In Shakespeare?s Macbeth, there is a question as to whether or not Macbeth is driven by fate or free will. The three weird sisters approach Macbeth with prophecies that will all come true in the end. It would appear that Macbeth is just following destiny at first. However, Macbeth always had a choice throughout the play to choose his own fate. Macbeth journeyed to his murderous doom through his own free choice. In Act I, the three witches visit Macbeth and Banquo on t
Macbeth - How The Magnitude And Horror Of His Actions Are Underlined
Macbeth - How The Magnitude And Horror Of His Actions Are Underlined
Macbeth - How the magnitude and horror of his actions are underlined In Shakespeare?s Macbeth, the repercussions of Macbeth murdering his King are very numerous. Through themes which include, imagery, soliloquies, atmosphere, and supernatural beings, Shakespeare enforces the magnitude of Macbeth?s crime. Most of these factors are linked together. One of the main ways in which the horror of the murder is underlined is through the Great Chain of Being. At the time this play was written, it was bel
Macbeth - Tragedy Or Satire
Macbeth - Tragedy Or Satire
Macbeth - Tragedy or Satire William Shakespeare wrote four great tragedies, the last of which was written in 1606 and titled Macbeth. This tragedy, as it is considered by societal critics of yesterday's literary world, scrutinizes the evil dimension of conflict, offering a dark and gloomy atmosphere of a world dominated by the powers ofdarkness. Macbeth, more so than any of Shakespeare's other tragic protagonists, has to face the powers and decide: should he succumb or should he resist? Macbet
Macbeth - The Importance Of The Witches
Macbeth - The Importance Of The Witches
Macbeth - The Importance of the Witches The witches in Macbeth are very important in the plot and develop certain aspects of the play. They make greater the theatrical experience with images of darkness, thunder and lightning that make Macbeth the tragedy it is. Their actions also add to the play, dancing round the cauldron and chanting ?Double, double??. Their appearance as ?dark hags? adds mystery to the play. The witches also add a sense of evil and of the supernatural. Their chanting, ?Doubl
Macbeth - Independence And Failure
Macbeth - Independence And Failure
Macbeth - Independence and Failure Peasants of the early sixteenth century are often pictured carrying a bundle of limbs tied with vines on their backs. This is a perfect metaphor for the events in Macbeth. Macbeth is one of many thanes, or limbs, bundled together. The thanes are united by the king, or the vine. Scotland, or the peasant, carries the bundle by the sweat of his brow. They carry the bundle for fires on cold nights, or wars, and to build homes, or castles, to protect them from the e
Macbeth - Downfall Of A Hero
Macbeth - Downfall Of A Hero
Macbeth - Downfall of a Hero Macbeth?s strive for power affects every aspect of his life, and this motivation eventually leads to his demise. Many different factors play a pivotal role in deciding his ill-fated future. With his wife?s cajoling, and the three witches? foretelling of his future Macbeth, will stop at nothing to gain position as King of Scotland. The witches and their prophecies are the first major influence on Macbeth?s actions. Macbeth, Thane of Glamis is content with his position
Macbeth - Characters In The First Three Acts
Macbeth - Characters In The First Three Acts
Macbeth - Characters in the First Three Acts Compare and contrast the characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth in the first three Acts of Macbeth. Macbeth, the tragedy, is a penetrating, concentrated, and harrowing study of ambition. The play itself tells the story of a man, urged by his wife and foretold by prophecy, who commits regicide in order to gain power. His ostentatious appetite for domination only leads to his triumphal downfall deeming he and his wife naught but the, dead butcher and hi
Macbeth - Manipulation
Macbeth - Manipulation
Macbeth - Manipulation When we first hear about Macbeth from the sergeant?s report, we are led to believe that he is very much a person who does only what he believes is right. Furthermore, when he first appears in the play, his fellow nobleman, Banquo, accompanies him. Given this, we would think that he does what is right, and makes all his own decisions. However this belief is proven wrong. Although Macbeth starts off as a loyal subject of Duncan, he is ambitious and this is a weakness, which
Macbeth - Summary
Macbeth - Summary
Macbeth - Summary Act III Scene II Context: This is the scene in which Lady Macbeth remains calm, and tries to make sure Macbeth is in a good mmod before the banquet. Macbeth, on the other hand is feeling terrible about the crimes he's committed and is in turmoil. Language: Macbeth compares the people he's killed with a snake. This metaphor is quite a large one, and lasts for several lines. O! full of scorpions is my mind... Shakespeare tries to show what Macbeth is going through with this ima
Macbeth - Tragedy
Macbeth - Tragedy
Macbeth - Tragedy William Shakespeare is the noted author of a vast array of plays, ranging from comedies to histories to tragedies. Perhaps one of his most famous in the tragedy genre is Macbeth. Though Shakespeare can be considered as a scholar in the sense that he was both a renowned and prolific playwright, look back a few hundred years to find Aristotle, one of the most famous scholars and philosophers of all time. In his treatise titled Poetics, he defends poetry against criticism as well
Macbeth - Evil And Darkness
Macbeth - Evil And Darkness
Macbeth - Evil and darkness The play Macbeth by Shakespeare is jam-packed with malfeasance and darkness. All actions taken by Macbeth, his wife, Lady Macbeth, the witches and Hecate have immoral intentions and/or evil outcomes. An example of such is Lady Macbeth?s dark intentions to quicken Macbeth?s crowning, fuelled Macbeth?s vaulting ambition[s] (Act 1 scene 7 line 27) to murder anyone or anything that stood in his path of a long reign. Shakespeare often uses darkness and will frequently
Macbeth - Charting His Downfall
Macbeth - Charting His Downfall
Macbeth - Charting his downfall This is my account of Macbeth?s downfall from a popular, successful soldier, quote What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won , who has received great honours for his loyalty, his courage, his bravery and his nobility. At the end of the play the only respect he has is because of the fear that his subjects have of him. Great Dunsinane he strongly fortifies // some say he?s mad, others that lesser hate him. I will go through Macbeth?s soliloquies and chart his charac
Macbeth
Macbeth
Macbeth The play is about a man called Macbeth who on his journey home meets three witches who for tell his future as first becoming thane of Cawdor and, later king. Macbeth instantly sercomes to the witches and believes what the witches say. When Duncan announces is successor as his son Malcolm is dream of becoming king through honesty are dashed. Lady Macbeth quickly comes up with a plan to make Macbeth king, by killing king Duncan and making his son Malcolm flee in hope to save his own life.
Macbeth
Macbeth
Macbeth In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, we discover that Macbeth is a tragic hero. Macbeth is very ambitious, courageous, and a moral coward: all these things lead to his tragic death at the end of the play. At the beginning of the play, Shakespeare defines Macbeth as a hero very clearly. From the courages in defense of Scotland is significant in the opening scene. However, he is very ambitious to be king. At the beginning of the play, he was loyal to the king. While he did imagine o
Macbeth
Macbeth
Macbeth A struggle is present in every tragedy, as a person tries to overcome their flaws and fit the mold of their ideal. William Shakespeare plainly defined a good man in the play Macbeth. This goal by it's definition is a difficult one for any man to achieve. Prudence and logic, temperance and patients, as well as the vindication of honor are Shakespeare's defining characteristics of a good man. As with any well written tragedy, Macbeth's title character and hero had to fall from his place
Macbeth
Macbeth
Macbeth Macbeth is presented as a mature man of definitely established character, successful in certain fields of activity and enjoying an enviable reputation. We must not conclude, there, that all his volitions and actions are predictable; Macbeth's character, like any other man's at a given moment, is what is being made out of potentialities plus environment, and no one, not even Macbeth himself, can know all his inordinate self-love whose actions are discovered to be-and no doubt have been fo
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth: Feeble-minded?
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth: Feeble-minded?
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth: Feeble-minded? By the end of Sheakspeare?s Macbeth, Lady Macbeth has proven that her imagination is stronger than her will. During the beginning of the play, Lady M had been the iron fist and authority icon for Macbeth. She was the voice of determination and hardness, yet deep down, she never carried such traits to begin with. She started this ordeal with a negative, bombastic rhetoric, preying on Macbeth?s weaknesses in order to egg him on. In no way did she make a pos
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth: A Woman Before Her Time
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth: A Woman Before Her Time
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth: a woman before her time During the Elizabethan era, the great chain of being reigned. Women were low on this chain of power, and men were on top. In fact, women were below horses; you couldn?t live without a good horse, but, you could live without a wife. Lady Macbeth was a woman before her time, she was caught between being today?s ambitious, powerful modern woman and a fragile creature of the Elizabethan era. In the first four acts of Macbeth, Lady Macbeth is vicious, o
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth- Character Changes Throughout The Play
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth- Character Changes Throughout The Play
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth- Character changes throughout the play To metamorphose ones character through years of experience and age is salutary. To deteriorate ones character through a short period of fast decisions and unsure actions is perilous. Lady Macbeth proves the truth to this theory. The impulsive mistakes and power-hungry tactics littered the journey Lady MacBeth paves throughout this play that ultimately ends in her death. She feels overwhelmed by all that is happening, both physically a
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth Is Worse Than Macbeth
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth Is Worse Than Macbeth
Macbeth - Lady Macbeth Is Worse Than Macbeth In my view, Lady Macbeth is far worse than Macbeth. Although they both think of murdering King Duncan as soon as they hear the witches' prophecies, Macbeth thinks more about what he may or may not do, whereas Lady Macbeth immediately appeals to evil spirits to give her the strength to kill Duncan. When Macbeth first hears the prophecies, and when the first 2/3 of it comes true, he does think of killing the king, but also, towards the end of Act 1, Sce
Macbeth - Supernatural And Spirits
Macbeth - Supernatural And Spirits
Macbeth - supernatural and spirits In the play Macbeth, there are many interesting sections that concentrate on the suspense and the involvement of the supernatural. The use of the supernatural in the witches, Lady Macbeth, nature, the vision, the ghost and the apparitions are all key elements in making Macbeth as a tragedy play. With the sense of the supernatural and interference of the spirits, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are led to dangerous tempting things. Macbeth?s character becomes compl
Macbeth - Imagery In Macbeth
Macbeth - Imagery In Macbeth
Macbeth - Imagery in Macbeth In all of Shakespeare's plays he uses many forms of imagery. Imagery, the art of making images, the products of imagination. In the play 'Macbeth' Shakespeare applies the imagery of clothing, darkness and blood. (listed from least to most), Each detail is his imagery, it seems to contain an important symbol of the play. Symbols that the reader must understand if they are to interpret either the passage or the play as a whole. Within the play 'Macbeth' the imagery of
Macbeth - Downfall Of Macbeth
Macbeth - Downfall Of Macbeth
Macbeth - Downfall of Macbeth The tragic downfall of Macbeth was not determined by one single cause. It was rather caused by a combination of three dark forces: supernatural, external, and internal. Supernatural forces are represented by the three witches and dark powers behind them. Lady Macbeth is an outer force that pushes Macbeth towards the bloody deeds. Macbeth's own ambition acts as deciding power in brining him to his downfall. The very beginning of the play indicates that dark supernatu
Macbeth - Character Changes In Macbeth
Macbeth - Character Changes In Macbeth
Macbeth - Character Changes in Macbeth Choose a major character from Macbeth and show how that character changes and develops through events in the play. In Shakespeare's play Macbeth we see the main character, Macbeth changes from a well-regarded and loyal soldier of the Scottish king to a murderous tyrant. At the start of the play Macbeth is courageous, ambitious, superstitious and devoted to his wife. These characteristics are shown through the victory against the rebels, Macbeth's trust in t
Macbeth - Responsibility
Macbeth - Responsibility
Macbeth - Responsibility In the play there are many evil deeds that Macbeth committed. These include the murders of Duncan and Banquo, Lady Macduff and her son. Macbeth is also responsible for Scotland's disorder. Macbeth plays the main role in each incident, with the other characters being only minor and undeveloped; acting as vehicles for Macbeth's actions. It is possible that it is not entirely Macbeth's fault for the evil deeds in the play. In Act II, Scene II Macbeth is patented as a hero,
Macbeth - Blood In Macbeth
Macbeth - Blood In Macbeth
Macbeth - Blood in Macbeth William Shakespeare?s play Macbeth is about a struggle for power in Scotland. Macbeth, the main character, gets prophecies from three witches about his future accomplishments that will come to him. One of his prophecies is that Macbeth will become king, Macbeth hearing this he becomes ambitious and later kills the current King Duncan, making himself the new king. A tragic ending comes to Macbeth when the people leave him and his world collapses around him. Blood is a r
Hamlet - Claudius Vs. Lady Macbeth
Hamlet - Claudius Vs. Lady Macbeth
Hamlet - Claudius Vs. Lady Macbeth Claudius vs. Lady Macbeth King Claudius of Hamlet and Lady Macbeth of Macbeth exhibit three similar qualities, dishonesty, evilness, and deceitfulness throughout the play; although sometimes they demonstrate these qualities in different ways, these qualities greatly affect the other characters in the plays . King Claudius and Lady Macbeth are similar in that they both let their crave of power and desire for the crown drive them to deceitfulness, corruption, and
Blood In Macbeth
Blood In Macbeth
Blood in Macbeth Blood in Macbeth In the play Macbeth, a symbol of blood is portrayed frequently and has different meanings throughout the play, this symbol is developed until it eventually becomes the main theme of the play. The first use of blood is one of honor and respect, and occurs when Duncan sees the injured captain and says What bloody man is that(1.2.1). This symbolizes the braveness shown of the soldier who been injured in the battle. In the next instance it is used the injured capt