Committee Members

Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant rose to command all the Federal armies in the Civil War and lead them to victory. He was respected so much that he went on to be president of the United States for two terms. His time of glory didn't last forever though, he developed cancer and died bankrupt. Ulysses Hiram Grant was born April 27, 1822, in a two room frame house at Point Pleasant, Ohio(Ulysses S. Grant 1). His father, Jesse Root Grant, was foreman in a tannery and a farmer. His mother, Hannah Si
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy John F. Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts. He was the second child of nine children. He lived in the suburbs of Boston but as his family grew his father's income increased and they moved back to Brookline. John had a seemingly happy childhood. He attended private selementary schools where he played sports and games. Though never making the varsity, his father encouraged him to take part in athletics. He was taught by Roman Catholic lawmen at Canturbery
The Reign Of Terror
The Reign Of Terror
The Reign of Terror History is said to be written by the winners, but is it possible to rewrite history? In a way, the French, like many who have preceded them, and many who will proceed them have done the impossible, rewriting history. From trivial folklore, such as George Washington chopping down a cherry tree, to the incredibly wrong, the African slave trade; people's views of history can be shaped and molded. The French have done a superb job of instilling all of us with the concept that th
The Red Book And The Power Structure Of Communist China
The Red Book And The Power Structure Of Communist China
The Red Book and the Power Structure of Communist China Propaganda in China during the Cultural Revolution took on many forms; there were mass Red Guard demonstrations in Tianamen Square in support of Mao Zedong, pictures of Mao were put up in every conceivable location from restaurants to the wallpaper in nurseries, and pamphlets and books of Mao's teachings were distributed to every Chinese citizen. One of these propaganda publications Quotations from Chairman Mao which later became known as
Stalin: Did His Rule Benefit Russian Society And The Russian People?
Stalin: Did His Rule Benefit Russian Society And The Russian People?
Stalin: Did his Rule Benefit Russian Society and the Russian People? I. Introduction A. Thesis B. Statement of problem II. Beginnings A. Childhood B. The Making of a Revolutionary III. The Five Year Plans in Industry A. Progress and Benefits to Russia B. Downfalls for the People IV. Agricultural Changes A. Collectivization B. The Liquidation of the Kulaks C. Famine V. Social Changes A. Social Benefits B. Personal Advancements C. Woman in Society VI. Purges A. The Party B. The Army C. The Burial
Multicultural Education In America
Multicultural Education In America
Multicultural Education in America America has long been called The Melting Pot due to the fact that it is made up of a varied mix of races, cultures, and ethnicities. As more and more immigrants come to America searching for a better life, the population naturally becomes more diverse. This has, in turn, spun a great debate over multiculturalism. Some of the issues under fire are who is benefiting from the education, and how to present the material in a way so as to offend the least amount of
The Civil War
The Civil War
The Civil War During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods, there were many changes going on in the Union.? The Emancipation Proclamation, as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism.? As well, the government was involved in altercations of its own.? During reconstruction, the legislative and executive b
Multiculturalism In Canada
Multiculturalism In Canada
Multiculturalism in Canada Canada has long been called The Mosaic, due to the fact that it is made up of a varied mix of races, cultures and ethnicities. As more and more immigrants come to Canada searching for a better life, the population naturally becomes more diverse. This has, in turn, spun a great debate over multiculturalism. Some of the issues under fire are the political state's policies concerning multiculturalism, the attitudes of Canadians around these policies, immigration, the gl
Teenage Alcoholism
Teenage Alcoholism
Teenage Alcoholism Teenagers today have no idea what alcoholism really is. They think that they can never become alcoholics. They think that it could never happen to them, but they are wrong. Stress, Family problems and the desire to be popular are wrong the cause of teenage alcoholism. Signs that a teenager has a drinking problem and steps that parents can take to help their child are what I will discuss in this paper. The critical ingredient common to all alcoholic beverages is ethyl alcohol o
Abortion - Life Or Death - Who Chooses
Abortion - Life Or Death - Who Chooses
Abortion - Life or Death - Who Chooses In Roman times, abortion and the destruction of unwanted children was permissible, but as our civilization has aged, it seems that such acts were no longer acceptable by rational human beings, so that in 1948, Canada along with most other nations in the world signed a declaration of the United Nations promising every human being the right to life. The World Medical Association meeting in Geneve at the same time, stated that the utmost respect for human life
Teenage Homosexuality
Teenage Homosexuality
Teenage Homosexuality Of the many emotions a gay man or woman feel, perhaps the most powerfully pervasive is fear. The fear of being found out is real enough, but the worry does not end there. There also lurks the fear of being called names, being assaulted, perhaps even killed. For adults these fears are horrible enough. For a lesbian and gay teenager, who lack experience and life skills to cope with them, such fears can be overwhelming. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth face many problems as th
Self-defense In Criminal Cases.
Self-defense In Criminal Cases.
Self-defense in criminal cases. One of the frustrations faced by many businesses is that after the perpetrators of crimes have been identified, the District Attorney's office will not pursue the case. One option is for victims to sue the DA in an attempt to compel him to prosecute, but this would be costly and proving dereliction of duty would be difficult. The DA is effectively immune. Other options are more promising. The law should encourage (and prosecutors' offices should welcome) private p
Religious Freedom Restoration Act
Religious Freedom Restoration Act
Religious Freedom Restoration Act Religious Freedom Restoration Act In this paper I will describe the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. This Act was used to contradict the decision of the court case of Employment Division v. Smith, which allowed the government to forbid any religious act without giving a reason. The RFRA brought back the requirement that the government provide an adequate reason to forbid any religious act. The government once again had to show that the act was of compelling in
Church Of God
Church Of God
Church Of God Church Of God I. ORIGIN Most of the Pentecostal churches which bear the name Church of God can be traced to a holiness revival in the mountains of northwest Georgia and eastern Tennessee. In 1884, R.G. Spurling, a Baptist minister in Monroe County, Tennessee, began to search the Scriptures for answers to the problems of modernism, formality, and spiritual dryness. An initial meeting of concerned people was held on August 19, 1886, at the Barney Creek Meeting House to organize a n
Watergate: Was The Nixon White House Involved?
Watergate: Was The Nixon White House Involved?
Watergate: Was The Nixon White House Involved? What was Watergate? Watergate is a term used to describe a complex web of political scandals occurring between 1972 and 1974. On January 20, 1969, Richard M. Nixon had become the thirty-seventh president of the United States. As Nixon entered the White House, he was ?full of bitterness and anger about past defeats, and about years of perceived slights from others in the political establishment.? Nixon, a Republican, once stated that, ?Washington i
Term Limits For Legislators
Term Limits For Legislators
Term Limits For Legislators When the Constitution of the United States was adopted in 1789, it was without direction regarding term limits for legislators. At the time, professional politicians were unheard of, and the idea of someone serving for more than one or two terms was unlikely. So the Constitution did not formally address the issue of term limits, although it was understood that officeholders would limit themselves to one or two terms and then return to private life (1). With the advent
U.S Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939
U.S Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939
U.S Foreign Policy Toward Jewish Refugees During 1933-1939 PART I HISTORICAL REVIEW AND ANALYSIS In reviewing the events which gave rise to the U.S.'s foreign policy toward Jewish refugees, we must identify the relevant factors upon which such decisions were made. Factors including the U.S. government's policy mechanisms, it's bureaucracy and public opinion, coupled with the narrow domestic political mindedness of President Roosevelt, lead us to ask; Why was the American government apathetic to
The Rise And Fall Of McCarthyism
The Rise And Fall Of McCarthyism
The Rise and Fall of McCarthyism The Rise and Fall of McCarthyism: An Explanation Of How the Media Created and Then Destroyed Joseph McCarthy. INTRODUCTION The U.S. Senator Joseph Raymond McCarthy, was born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin, Nov.14, 1908, and died May 2, 1957, (Grolier, 1996) was best known for his attacks on alleged Communist subversion most notably within the administrations of the Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower. The activities of McCarthy and his followers gave b
The Right To Keep And Bear Arms
The Right To Keep And Bear Arms
The Right To Keep And Bear Arms Thursday, 19 August, 1996 A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed (Bill of Rights, Article II). This seemingly simple phrase is probably the source of more debate and argument than any other single sentence in American history. The argument is not black or white, pro or con. Rather, it encompasses many shades of gray. At the one end of the spectrum you have t
The Bush Administrations Relation With Iraq Prior To Iraqs Invasion Of
The Bush Administrations Relation With Iraq Prior To Iraqs Invasion Of
The Bush Administration's Relation With Iraq Prior to Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait: Credibility and Misperception Prior to the August 2, 1990 invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq, the United States had questionable relations with Iraq dictator, Saddam Hussein, to say the least. In retrospect, which is inherently advantageous as a 20/20 perspective, questions remain unanswered as to whether or not the United States was too appeasing to Saddam Hussein in the years, months, and days leading up to th
The Brady Bill
The Brady Bill
The Brady Bill Introduction The legislative process in the United States Congress shows us an interesting drama in which a bill becomes a law through compromises made by diverse and sometimes conflicting interests in this country. There have been many controversial bills passed by Congress, but among all, I have taken a particular interest in the passage of the Brady bill. When the Brady debate was in full swing in Congress about three years ago, I was still back in my country, Japan, where the
Luis Gutierrez
Luis Gutierrez
Luis Gutierrez The Fourth District of Chicago is rather new to the Chicago land made up largely of Hispanics and Latinos. This District like many others face major problems of crime, health care and education. Democratic representative Luis V. Gutierrez represents the answer to these and other problems. Who is Luis Gutierrez? Is this man making a difference? What are his issues? Is Luis doing his job? What is his impact on the system? These are question that need answering. These problems need s
The Political Career Of Richard Nixon
The Political Career Of Richard Nixon
The Political Career of Richard Nixon 1. Nixon's Beginning in Politics 2. Emergence in National Politics A. The Hiss Case B. Nixon's Political Obituary C. Resurgence as a presidential candidate 3. The 37th President A. Nixon's Appointment's B. Foreign Policy 1. Nixon's plans for Europe 2. Vietnam C. Domestic Policy 4. Nixon's Second Administration A. Reelection B. Watergate A few weeks after the United States entered World War II a young man named Richard Nixon went to Washington, D.C. In Januar
Lester Pearson
Lester Pearson
Lester Pearson Lester B. Pearson lived from 1897-1972. He was born on April 23 1897, in Newtonbrooke Ontario (now part of Toronto). He died on December 27 1972. He was born the son of a Methodist parson. As a child he worked very hard in school, and he became one of the minority of high school graduates who went on to college. In his studies he went to Victoria College and the Methodist College inside the University of Toronto. In his free time he played hockey and baseball. He then became a med
The Prime Minister Of Great Britain
The Prime Minister Of Great Britain
The Prime Minister of Great Britain There are a lot of political issues in Great Britain today. United Kingdom is a large, industrialized democratic society and as such it has to have politics and therefore political issues. One of those issues how should executive branch work and whether the Prime Minister has too much power. Right now in Great Britain there is a great debate on this issue and I am going to examine it in detail. The facts I have used here are from different writings on British
Gun Control
Gun Control
Gun Control Government 2301 02 November 1996 A Well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms , shall not be infringed. Amendment II, Bill of Rights Constitution of the U.S. The Second Amendment has been a major issue in American politics since 1876. In question is the intent of this Amendment. Was it meant to insure that people in general have arms for personal service, or was it intended to insure arms for military service
Gays In The Military
Gays In The Military
Gays In the Military Very often political institutions reflect the will of society and set the precedent for norms that will be expected of its members. The United States Military is still enforcing archaic policies which threaten to harm the principles our nation was founded upon. The principles of freedom and equality are those that every American holds closest to their heart, that is unless you are in the military and are gay. The issue of gays in the military has developed into a case of whe
Personal Freedom In The United States Of America
Personal Freedom In The United States Of America
Personal Freedom In the United States of America No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violat
Dual Executive/President
Dual Executive/President
Dual Executive/President The idea of an elective head of state for the American chief executive, in its conception, was virtually without precedent. The idea of an American dual presidency, split between domestic and foreign arenas is itself without precedent. A dual presidency would suit America well due to the pressures of the office of President of the United States. As Commander-in-Chief, the President bears incredible pressures and responsibilities. The President not only has power in the U
Congressmen And Their Influences
Congressmen And Their Influences
Congressmen and Their Influences The notion that a Congressman ran for office for unselfish goals and went away to Washington to serve his country and represent his neighbors seems quaint and luaghable compared to the way that we currently regard members of congress. Recent views have suggested that most people felt that while the institution on the whole was corrupt, but that their representative was a good person and servant of the electorate. More and more each member is scrutinized and judge
The Need For Congress In The U.S
The Need For Congress In The U.S
The Need for Congress in the U.S There is a definite need for Congress in the United States. It serves many roles such as making laws, implementing national policy and watching over the other two branches of government. These are just a few of the duties of our U.S. Congress. Although they are essential to our government, there are potential problems. People are not always satisfied with the length of time involved in passing a law as well as the deadlock Congress can experience on an issue. Ano
The Four Political Parties Of Canada
The Four Political Parties Of Canada
The Four Political Parties of Canada In a country as vast and as culturally diverse as Canada, many different political opinions can be found stretched across the country. From the affluent neighbourhoods of West Vancouver to the small fishing towns located on the east coast of Newfoundland, political opinions and affiliations range from the left wing to the right wing. To represent these varying political views, Canada has four official national political parties to choose from: the Liberals (w
Abortion: Life Or Death ? Who Chooses?
Abortion: Life Or Death ? Who Chooses?
Abortion: Life or Death ? Who Chooses? In Roman times, abortion and the destruction of unwanted children was permissible, but as out civilization has aged, it seems that such acts were no longer acceptable by rational human beings, so that in 1948, Canada along with most other nations in the world signed a declaration of the United Nations promising every human being the right to life. The World Medical Association meeting in Geneve at the same time, stated that the utmost respect for human life
Child Sex Tourism Bill In Australia
Child Sex Tourism Bill In Australia
Child Sex Tourism Bill in Australia On March 23rd 1994 the Child Sex Tourism bill was introduced into the House of Representatives. This act, which amended the Crimes Act of 1914, enabling the Australian government to prosecute Australian child sex offenders overseas. Before the introduction of this new legislation, if an offence was committed overseas and not punished whilst in the country, Australian law officials were powerless. The proposed changes in the law are to deal with the following i
Challenger
Challenger
Challenger It was a cold, crisp, and damp morning on the Florida Space Coast as the space shuttle Challenger raced through the sky at speeds approaching mach 2 at an altitude of 104,000 feet when something went perilously wrong. All of America watched, including the family members of the seven doomed crew members, as Challenger exploded into an expansive ball of fire, smoke and steam. An Oh. . . no! came as the crew?s final utterance from the shuttle as the orbiter broke-up. As the reality of
Recommendation For Recycling Water In Florida
Recommendation For Recycling Water In Florida
Recommendation For Recycling Water in Florida Prepared for: Tom Petty, Chairman Of The Board Department Of Environmental Regulation Board by: Environmental Specialist, Pasco County Florida November 29, 1996 Contents Abstract................................................2 Executive Summary.......................................3 Introduction............................................4 Methods.................................................4 Results.............................................
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill ABSTRACT In March of 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. An eighteen foot wide hole was ripped into the hull, and 10.9 million gallons of crude oil spilled into the ocean. In the following weeks, many things transpired. This paper will discuss the cleanup, the damage, and the results of the biggest oil spill in United States history. On March 24, 1989, in Prince William Sound Alaska, the Exxon Valdez was moving South
The Speed Limit
The Speed Limit
The Speed Limit Under current federal law there is no speed limit. The federal government left the task of setting speed limits up to each individual state. The majority of state speed limits went from 55mph and 65mph to 60mph and 75mph respectively. The problem is, this isn't fast enough. There should be no speed limit in the state of Washington. In this day of age, people want things as fast as possible. Look at computers and cars and even TV dinners: the faster the better. The same is true o
Judaisms Transformation To Modernization In Relation To America
Judaisms Transformation To Modernization In Relation To America
Judaism's Transformation to Modernization in Relation to America The Jewish way of life has been affected in a tremendous way by the people of the United States of America. By the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, there were only 2500 Jews in America. For forty years beginning in 1840, 250,000 Jews (primarily from Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia) entered this country. Anti-Semitism and economic woes in Eastern Europe went from bad to worse after the pogroms of 1881-1882. Almo
WATERGATE
WATERGATE
WATERGATE President Ricmard M. Nixon is refereed to as one of the most controversial presidents in the history of the United States of America. He is synonymous with this title, because of his involvement in the great Watergate scandal. It all started with the election of 1972, Nixon's bid for a second term of presidency. In his attempt at re-election, Nixon took on a different strategy than any other re-election campaign of the past. Instead of using the usual Republican National Committee f
Invisibility Of The Invisible Man
Invisibility Of The Invisible Man
Invisibility of the Invisible Man Living in the city, one sees many homeless people. After a while, each person loses any individuality and only becomes another homeless person. Without a name or source of identification, every person would look the same. Ignoring that man sitting on the sidewalk and acting as if we had not seen him is the same as pretending that he did not exist. Invisibility is what the main character/narrator of Ralph Ellison?s Invisible Man called it when others would not re
Pornography
Pornography
Pornography Suppose one accepts MacKinnon and Dworkin's suggested statutory definition of pornography. How does one who generally accepts MacKinnon and Dworkin's views on the pervasively harmful effect of pornography, and who accepts a need for legal redress of the harms perpetrated by pornography, deal with pornographic material? The ordinance proposed by MacKinnon and Dworkin would deal with such material by enacting legislation which gives people adversely affected by the works, which clearly
The Crucible
The Crucible
The Crucible As I watched The Crucible taking shape as a movie over much of the past year, the sheer depth of time that it represents for me kept returning to mind. As those powerful actors blossomed on the screen, and the children and the horses, the crowds and the wagons, I thought again about how I came to cook all this up nearly fifty years ago, in an America almost nobody I know seems to remember clearly. In a way, there is a biting irony in this film's having been made by a Hollywood stu
The Beak Of The Finch
The Beak Of The Finch
The Beak of the Finch The Bogus Logic of The Beak People who have served in the Armed Forces may be familiar with the expression, If you can't dazzle then with your brilliance, baffle them with your baloney. The Beak of the Finch uses such laughable logic, it is remarkable that anyone would believe it. The book does such a terrible job of presenting a case for evolution and history, that the only logical conclusion is that the book's true intent is to disprove it. Jonathan Weiner, The Beak of
Comparative Politics
Comparative Politics
Comparative Politics Comparative Politics, typically defined as the study of the internal politics of nations other than our own, is a diverse and complex field. There is no one central tendency or approach which dominates this area of inquiry within political science: various theories, concepts, issues and methodologies are evident in the field. While it is recognized that no simple classification can be made of the literature, we are encouraged to be aware of contrasting approaches, and to en
Tales Of The New Babylon
Tales Of The New Babylon
Tales of the New Babylon Zola?s La Débâcle, first planned in 1868, was the penultimate chapter in Les Rougon-Macquart. Warfare was something Zola had always meant to give full play in Les Rougon-Macquart, and his 1868 scheme had provided for a novel that will have the military world as its framework?; an episode in [Napoleon III?s] Italian campaign. But after the calamitous Franco-Prussian War, this installment acquired special significance. What had originally been envisaged as one tale among o
Rose Schneiderman And The Triangle Fire
Rose Schneiderman And The Triangle Fire
Rose Schneiderman and the Triangle Fire A Review of the Essay Rose Schneiderman and the Triangle Fire Reported by Leslie Regina Goodson The American History Illustrated, published in July of 1981, featured an essay by Bonnie Mitelman. The essay expounds on the tragedy of a horrific fire at the Triangle Waist Company on March 25, 1911 and the impetus it had on a union activist, Rose Schneiderman. Ms. Mitelman emphasizes the altering change such a tragedy can have on an individual, a small commu
Remains Of The Day
Remains Of The Day
Remains of the Day Kazuo Ishiguro?s Remains of the Day gives an eloquent treatment of the issue of how a stoic English butler?s unemotional reaction to the emotional world around him is damaging and painful, and how he resolves to make the best of the remains of the day ?the remainder of his life. Ishiguro explores some of the differences between the old English Victorian culture?that of the stiff upper lip, no show of emotion, and repression of personal opinion?and the no-holds-barred American
Freedom In The United States
Freedom In The United States
Freedom in the United States No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violating the bounds of th
Term Limits In U.S. Government
Term Limits In U.S. Government
Term Limits in U.S. Government Mark P. Petracca's idea that government should be kept as near to the people as possible chiefly through frequent elections and rotation-in-office is quite common in early republican thought and generally agreed upon by the America's revolutionary thinkers. Although the debate over limiting legislative terms dates back to the beginnings of political science, it was not until the 1990's that the doctrine began to be taken seriously when voters started to approve t