Harsh Environment

Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud Many believe Freud to be the father of modern psychiatry and psychology and the only psychiatrist of any worth. He is certainly the most well known figure, perhaps because sex played such a prominent role in his system. There are other psychologists, however, whose theories demand respectful consideration. Erik Erickson, born Eric Homburger, whose theories while not as titillating as Freud's, are just as sound. This paper will compare the two great men and their systems. In additio
Multiculturalism In Canada
Multiculturalism In Canada
Multiculturalism in Canada Canada has long been called The Mosaic, due to the fact that it is made up of a varied mix of races, cultures and ethnicities. As more and more immigrants come to Canada searching for a better life, the population naturally becomes more diverse. This has, in turn, spun a great debate over multiculturalism. Some of the issues under fire are the political state's policies concerning multiculturalism, the attitudes of Canadians around these policies, immigration, the gl
Rehabilitation Of Criminals: A Waste Of Time Or Worth The Effort?
Rehabilitation Of Criminals: A Waste Of Time Or Worth The Effort?
Rehabilitation of Criminals: A Waste of Time or Worth The Effort? By: Heather Rose Since 1960, the number of violent crimes committed per capita in the United States has increased by more than 450%. More than 24,000 murders took place in America in 1991.. With each passing year, rapes, robberies, murder, and other forms of extreme violence has become a way of life for some individuals who fall short of society's norms; however, it is only a small portion of criminals who commit the majority of t
Has Political Islam Failed In Algeria?
Has Political Islam Failed In Algeria?
Has Political Islam Failed in Algeria? The question whether Political Islam has failed or not due to the internal structure of the Islamic political movement, in either Algeria or any other country in the Islamic World, is an important question for the analysis of the politicized Islamic phenomena. Olivier Roy sees the movement as a failure, not only in Algeria but also in the whole area from Casablanca to Tashkent, the movement has resulted in failure due to many reasons that are seen as common
Censorship
Censorship
Censorship The freedom to read is essential to the democratic way of life. But today, that freedom is under attack. Private groups and public authorities everywhere are working to remove both books and periodicals from sale, to exclude certain books from public schools, to censor and silence magazines and newspapers, and to limit controversial books and periodicals to the general public. The suppression of reading materials is suppression of creative thought. Books and periodicals are not the
Abraham Lincoln And Jefferson Davis
Abraham Lincoln And Jefferson Davis
Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis Sunny Herren American History Mrs.Lynn 5 February 1997 In this report I compare two great historical figures: Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president, steered the Union to victory in the American Civil War and abolished slavery, and the first and only president of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis. Abraham Lincoln was the President of the Union, and Jefferson Davis struggled to lead the Confederacy to independence in the U.S. Civil War. Lincoln wa
What Is Darwins Theory?
What Is Darwins Theory?
What is Darwin's Theory? Many scientists have different understandings and uses of bioengineering. Darwin's Theory on natural selection has stirred up some controversies on whether or not to remain studying and researching for information on the theory. Jeremy Rifkin, a philosopher and environmental activist, portrays in his article the world will be coming to an end if we remain to use bioengineering the way that we have been. He feels it is a waste of time and money to keep researching on Dar
Censorship
Censorship
Censorship The freedom to read is essential to the democratic way of life. But today, that freedom is under attack. Private groups and public authorities everywhere are working to remove both books and periodicals from sale, to exclude certain books from public schools, to censor and silence magazines and newspapers, and to limit controversial books and periodicals to the general public. The suppression of reading materials is suppression of creative thought. Books and periodicals are not the on
The Arctic
The Arctic
The Arctic Introduction. The Artic is a region at the upper most tip of the Northern Hemisphere. The Artic includes the area around Greenland, USSR, Canada and Alaska. Much of the Artic circle is permanently frozen ice. The Artic is a pristine environment, clean and void of human interference. However as humans move into these areas and begin to extract what ever they can be balance can be tipped, resulting in pollution and destruction of the environment. Climate. The Artic winters much longer t
Value Of Environmental Agencies
Value Of Environmental Agencies
Value of Environmental Agencies In current times man has become so consumed with weapons and money that the planet has been neglected. With something so typical and now common as chopping down the rainforest to produce trees for mass abundance of political paper and land to graze more cattle this thoughtless destruction, disturbs all aspects of the environment. This is business as usual. The lands being destroyed are the most unique and diverse lands in the world. Chris Park Senior lecturer in t
The Cause And Effects Of Acid Mine Drainage
The Cause And Effects Of Acid Mine Drainage
The Cause and Effects of Acid Mine Drainage INTRODUCTION Imagine going fishing on a cool Autumn day, the trees are all different shades of orange, brown and red and the birds are singing their beautiful songs, but their is a serious problem because when you arrive at the river all plant and animal life are gone. This is by no means a recent phenomenon. This is due to the effects of acid rock drainage (ARD). This is a problem that has been occurring since ancient times, but it was not until the 1
Temagami
Temagami
Temagami Table of Contents Introduction 2 The History of the Forest 2 The Forests of Canada 3 Part One: The History of the Logger 5 The Canadian Forestry Industry 5 The Ontario Forestry Industry 7 Part Two: Forest Conservation in Ontario 8 Political Activity 8 Temagami 9 Part Three: The Temagami Debate 11 The Forester 11 The Environmentalist 12 Part Four: The Law of the Land 13 Civil Disobedience 13 Government Legislation / Wildlands League Lawsuit 15 Natural vs. Positive Law 16 Conclusion 17 Su
Human Evolution
Human Evolution
Human Evolution Human Evolution, the biological and cultural development of the species Homo sapiens, or human beings. A large number of fossil bones and teeth have been found at various places throughout Africa, Europe, and Asia. Tools of stone, bone, and wood, as well as fire hearths, campsites, and burials, also have been discovered and excavated. As a result of these discoveries, a picture of human evolution during the past 4 to 5 million years has emerged. Human Physical Traits Humans are c
Heart Of Darkness
Heart Of Darkness
Heart of Darkness Heart of Darkness In the classic novel Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad takes us on a journey into the soul of man. When the character of Marlow travels into the jungle of Africa to find Kurtz, he realizes that he is in a place where the rules of society no longer constrain human nature, and the frightening truths about human beings can be observed first hand. Marlow finds that human nature is something terrible and unlimited by observing the effects of such freedom on Kurtz. H
Heart Of Darkness
Heart Of Darkness
Heart of Darkness Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad In Joseph Conrad's novel, 'Heart of Darkness', the term darkness can be related to a few different meanings. Conrad uses this term in various ways to characterize social, political and psychological affairs in order to help the reader get a feel of his attitudes towards things, such as colonialism, Africa, and civilization. The first impression of the word darkness in relations to this novel that I understood was its reference to racism. T
Jane Erye - Feminism
Jane Erye - Feminism
Jane Erye - Feminism Feminism in Jane Erye Feminism is a very contradictory theme throughout literary history. It does not have to be seen as a complete rebellion against men, but can simply represent intelligence and self-worth in a female. This philosophy is shown in many of the works of Charlotte Bronte. She uses independence as a keynote in her thinking about her own life and the life of all unmarried women (Ewbank 157). One such work is Jane Erye. In this novel Charlotte Bronte personifies
Ethan Frome
Ethan Frome
Ethan Frome Ethan Frome, the main character in the Edith Wharton novel Ethan Frome, is a man who lives in a world of silence. He lives in the New England town of Starkfield, Massachusetts, with his bitter wife and his wife?s cousin Mattie. Over time Ethan is a man who has become trapped in Starkfield due to the number of winters he has endured. The mood throughout the novel is that of Winter. Winter connotes detachment, loneliness, bleakness, bitterness, and seclusion which are all portrayed in
Broken Ground By Jack Hodgins
Broken Ground By Jack Hodgins
Broken Ground by Jack Hodgins In Jack Hodgins latest novel, Broken Ground, the inhabitants of the small forest community of Portuguese Creek are deeply affected by its extreme conditions. Matthew Pearson, a local farmer and former soldier, has his life utterly transformed from living in Portuguese Creek. For Tanner Pearson, Matthew's ten year old son, living in Portuguese Creek has nothing but negative consequences. Lastly, Charlie MacKintosh, Tanner's friend, is adversely affected by his time s
Elduc In 2000
Elduc In 2000
Elduc in 2000 Eliduc In 2000 Sarah DeMoranville Prof. Gardner Ancient World Ren. Love in 20th century is entirely different from when Marie De France lived. In her time, she wrote a sweet story of two women who love the same man, Eliduc. He leaves his wife, Guildeluec to go fight in another country even though she is devastated by his decision. During his excursion he ends up with a younger woman named Guilliadun. The two fall madly in love. Ultimately, Guildeluec detects the affair and behaves
Down Goes Hurston
Down Goes Hurston
Down Goes Hurston Down Goes Hurston The Harlem Renaissance of the 1920?s is a great time for black artists; it is a rebirth of art, music, books and poetry. In Zora Neale Hurston?s novel Their Eyes Were Watching God Janie, the protagonist, is treated kindly for a black women. She does not go through the torment of black culture during that era or the previous eras. Throughout the book Hurston fibs about racial oppression. Janie gets respect by the white people she encounters. Hurston makes the r
Beowulf And Norse Mythology
Beowulf And Norse Mythology
Beowulf and Norse Mythology The Norse World In Beowulf, many beliefs had to do with Norse mythology, from the way they buried their dead to their thoughts on war and violence. In Norse mythology, a person?s honor depends on the way they die; a hero proves himself by dying while fighting the forces of evil, not by conquering it. (Hamilton, 444). Beowulf becomes a hero by dying while fighting the dragon. In most religions, Mythology is used to explain the world in which a person lives. For the Ang
The Call Of The Wild
The Call Of The Wild
The Call of the Wild The Call of the Wild Throughout the novel The Call of the Wild, we follow a dog named Buck through his journey through the Klondike. We experience a transformation in him, as he adapts to the cold, harsh land where he is forced to toil in the snow, just to help men find a shiny metal. Buck seems to almost transform into a different dog by the end of the book. In this essay, I will go over what Buck was like, how and why he was forced to adapt to his new environment, and what
Great Expectations And Oliver Twist
Great Expectations And Oliver Twist
Great Expectations and Oliver Twist During his lifetime, Charles Dickens is known to have written several books. Although each book is different, they also share many similarities. Two of his books, Great Expectations and Oliver Twist, are representatives of the many kinds of differences and similarities found within his work. Perhaps the reason why these two novels share some of the same qualities is because they both reflect painful experiences which occurred in Dickens' past. During his child
Death Of A Salesman - Minor Characters
Death Of A Salesman - Minor Characters
Death of a Salesman - Minor Characters In the play Death of a Salesman, the plot is affected by three minor characters: Ben, Charley and Howard. The minor characters help the story's protagonist, Willy, develop extensively throughout the course of the play; therefore, they are key elements in the advancing story line. This story line blends and contrasts Willy's closest companions, Ben and Charley. They represent two aspects of Willy's ideals. Howard, Willy's boss, functions in order to heighten
Call Of The Wild: Character Sketch Of Buck
Call Of The Wild: Character Sketch Of Buck
Call of the Wild: Character Sketch of Buck Throughout the novel The Call of the Wild, we follow a dog named Buck through his journey through the Klondike. We experience a transformation in him, as he adapts to the cold, harsh land where he is forced to toil in the snow, just to help men find a shiny metal. Buck seems to almost transform into a different dog by the end of the book. In this essay, I will go over what Buck was like, how and why he was forced to adapt to his new environment, and wha
The Call Of The Wild - Symbolism
The Call Of The Wild - Symbolism
The Call of the Wild - Symbolism In Jack London?s book, The Call of the Wild, he symbolizes many things in the book. Buck, gold sacks, Mercedes, and others are looked on as symbolic. In this essay, you will find out what these items symbolize. The main character in the book is Buck, a half St. Bernard, half Scotch shepherd dog. In the story, he is betrayed by someone he trusts and is thrown into a harsh world. A world where you must work or be discarded. He adapts to the harsh environment, and s
Battle Royal - Symbolism
Battle Royal - Symbolism
Battle Royal - Symbolism Ralph Ellison?s short story, Battle Royal , is symbolic in many different ways. In one way it is symbolic of the African Americans? struggle for equality throughout our nation?s history. The various hardships that the narrator must endure, in his quest to deliver his speech, are representative of the many hardships that the blacks went through in their fight for equality. The narrator in Ellison?s short story suffers much. He is considered to be one of the brighter youth
Of Mice And Men
Of Mice And Men
Of Mice and Men More a Mouse Than a Man If an author does not have at least one great popular success, he or she may well be ignored by the media, but if he or she is constantly popular, then the critics become suspicious of the writer's serious intentions (Benson Introduction). What do critics from the literary world have to say about Steinbeck's writings? Critics have much to say, both positive and negative. What link exists between Steinbeck and his writings? Perhaps the most noteworthy bio
Blue Hotel
Blue Hotel
Blue Hotel It is not surprising for an author?s background and surroundings to profoundly affect his writing. Having come from a Methodist lineage and living at a time when the church was still an influential facet in people?s daily lives, Stephen Crane was deeply instilled with religious dogmas. However, fear of retribution soon turned to cynicism and criticism of his idealistic parents? God, the wrathful Jehovah of the Old Testament (Stallman 16), as he was confronted with the harsh realitie
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter
The Scarlet Letter The Scarlet Letter - Puritan Society- In Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter, life is centered around a rigid Puritan society in which one is unable to divulge his or her innermost thoughts and secrets. Every human being needs the opportunity to express how he or she truly feels, otherwise the emotions are bottled up until they become volatile. Unfortunately, Puritan society did not permit this kind of expression, thus characters had to seek alternate means to relieve the
Heart Of Darkness - Racism
Heart Of Darkness - Racism
Heart of Darkness - Racism Darkness and Racism in Heart of Darkness In Joseph Conrad's novel, 'Heart of Darkness', the term darkness can be related to a few different meanings. Conrad uses this term in many ways to characterize social, political and psychological affairs in order to help the reader get a feel of his attitudes towards things, such as colonialism, Africa, and civilization. The first impression of the word darkness in relations to this novel that I understood was its reference
Oliver Twist
Oliver Twist
Oliver Twist OLIVER TWIST BOOK SUMMARY Dickens, Charles. Oliver Twist. New York: Longman Edition, 1981, pp. 353 This book is a fiction novel set in the 19th century. I found the main theme of he book to be about the social problems at that time in England. The main character in the book is Oliver Twist. He is a young orphan boy. The book tells his life story and his struggle to find his family and a good home. The other important characters in the book are Fagin, Bet Dawkins (Dodger), Mr. Brownl
Of Mice And Men - Book Report
Of Mice And Men - Book Report
Of Mice and Men - Book Report Of Mice and Men (1937), written in the same genre as The Grapes of Wrath, that of a story about migrant farm workers and their lives as a reflection on society, was the book that thrust Steinbeck into the limelight as a national celebrity. He won many awards and honors including being picked as one of the Ten Outstanding Young Men of the Year. Steinbeck's style is what earned this praise, that of a natural flow of words which are simple in form but complex in their
Hunger Of Memory
Hunger Of Memory
Hunger of Memory The universal growing pains that all children experience in one form or another are easily recognized in Richard Rodriguez?s autobiographical excerpt from Hunger of Memory. Rodriguez?s childhood was particularly unique given the fact that while he was born and raised in the United States, he was strongly influenced in the ethnic environment of a Spanish family. Although the reader is introduced to only a short excerpt from the autobiography, he learns a great deal about Rodrigue
Overpopulation
Overpopulation
Overpopulation By: Eric Krause Do you feel that all humans have the right to enjoy natural beauty? The right to decent, uncrowded shelter? The right to eat healthy food and drink pure water? To breathe clean air and avoid pesticide poisoning? Most people would say every human has a right to all of these things, but in some areas of the world these rights are not being met. Most species have a sideways S shaped graph reflecting growth rate, meaning the species will go up in total population but
The Scarlet Letter - Guilt
The Scarlet Letter - Guilt
The Scarlet Letter - Guilt Guilt as Reparation for Sin in The Scarlet Letter The Scarlet Letter is a novel about a Puritan woman who has committed adultery and must pay for her sin by wearing a scarlet A on her bosom. The woman, Hester Prynne, must struggle through everyday life with the guilt of her sin. The novel is also about the suffering that is endured by not admitting to one?s wrongs. Reverend Mister Dimmesdale learns that secrecy only makes the guilt increase. Nathaniel Hawthorne is tryi
Great Expectations
Great Expectations
Great Expectations Great Expectations Oliver Twist During his lifetime, Charles Dickens is known to have written several books. Although each book is different, they also share many similarities. Two of his books, Great Expectations and Oliver Twist, are representatives of the many kinds of differences and similarities found within his work. Perhaps the reason why these two novels share some of the same qualities is because they both reflect painful experiences which occurred in Dickens' past. D
Call Of The Wild Book Report
Call Of The Wild Book Report
Call of the Wild Book report The Call Of The Wild: Summary Author: Jack London Throughout the novel The Call of the Wild, we follow a dog named Buck through his journey through the Klondike. We experience a transformation in him, as he adapts to the cold, harsh land where he is forced to toil in the snow, just to help men find a shiny metal. Buck seems to almost transform into a different dog by the end of the book. In this essay, I will go over what Buck was like, how and why he was forced to a
Beowulf - Norse Mythology
Beowulf - Norse Mythology
Beowulf - Norse Mythology The Norse World In Beowulf, many beliefs had to do with Norse mythology, from the way they buried their dead to their thoughts on war and violence. In Norse mythology, a person?s honor depends on the way they die; a hero proves himself by dying while fighting the forces of evil, not by conquering it. (Hamilton, 444). Beowulf becomes a hero by dying while fighting the dragon. In most religions, Mythology is used to explain the world in which a person lives. For the Anglo
Behind The Urals
Behind The Urals
Behind the Urals Behind the Urals The United States that we live in makes it very hard for us to fathom what a struggling nation is like to live in. In the United States, we are socialized to believe that America is the most superior of all the countries and our prosperity will continue to grow. We are very fortunate to be born into a relatively high standard of living as a society, thus we cannot comprehend what it is like for countries trying to build societies from the bottom up. John Scott
Black Supremacy
Black Supremacy
Black Supremacy Throughout history, white anglo-saxons have been notorious for mistreating all races other than it's own. Malcolm X felt the white man had been actually nothing but a piratical opportunist who used Faustian machinations to make his own Christianity his initial wedge in criminal conquests(563). The earth is burdened by the white man! That is the true meaning of what Malcolm X is stating; the words Faustian machinations, meaning evil plotting, implies the whole white population
Albert Camus
Albert Camus
Albert Camus Albert Camus is one of the most renowned authors in the twentieth century. With works such as Caligula, The Stranger, Nuptials, and The Plague, he has impacted the world of literature to a great extent. This great success was not just given to him on a silver platter however. He endured many hardships and was plagued with great illness in his short life. Camus is a great role model and idol for us all. Camus was born into poverty on November 2, 1913 in Mondovi, Algeria (a former
Oppressed Slaves To Champion Soldiers
Oppressed Slaves To Champion Soldiers
Oppressed Slaves to Champion Soldiers This is just a small example of the doubt and hatred that was bestowed on the African American soldiers. However, during the war, they proved themselves to be brave and courageous men on and off the battlefield on many occasions. Despite deep prejudices and harsh criticisms from the white society, these men were true champions of patriotism. The cause of the Civil War was tension between the North and the South. The sectional division between the areas began
African Americans
African Americans
African Americans Black Americans Black Americans are those persons in the United States who trace their ancestry to members of the Negroid race in Africa. They have at various times in United States history been referred to as African, coloured, Negro, Afro-American, and African-American, as well as black. The black population of the United States has grown from three-quarters of a million in 1790 to nearly 30 million in 1990. As a percentage of the total population, blacks declined from 19.3 i
Colonization
Colonization
Colonization Essay #1 Although New England and the Chesapeake regions were settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. I have described both societies in an attempt to demonstrate their developments. Virginia Colony In 1607 a group of merchants established England?s first permanent colony in North America at Jamestown, Virginia. They operated as a joint-stock company that allowed them to sell shares of stock in their company and use
The Iranian Revolution
The Iranian Revolution
The Iranian Revolution Iran is a country located in the Middle East. The main source of income for the country is oil, the one object that had greatly influenced its history. Iran's present government is run as an Islamic Republic. A president, cabinet, judicial branch, and Majilesor or legislative branch, makes up the governmental positions. A revolution that overthrew the monarch, which was set in 1930, lasted over 15 years. Crane Brinton's book, An Anatomy of a Revolution, explains set of fo
The 9 Biomos
The 9 Biomos
Temperate Rainforest Many temperate rain forests have summer fogs that keep the forests cool and moist in the hottest months. Coastal mountains: temperate rain forests occur where mountain ranges are close to the coast; coastal mountains increase rainfall on the ocean-facing slopes. The average annual rainfall in the Temperate Rainforests of the Pacific Northwest is 145 in.(Cavendish). Temperate Rainforests around the world average from 60-200 inches of rainfall per year. (wikispace.com) The tem
My Reading of 'My Country' By Dorothea Mackellar
My Reading of 'My Country' By Dorothea Mackellar
The way a piece of writing is interpreted by the reader depends on the cultural context within which the reader lives. A reader employs their historical and political setting along with their cultural and social environment to construct meaning within a text. Personal experience, class, gender, race/ethnicity and cultural identity also help to establish the readers beliefs, values and attitudes. Taking a traditional approach to reading a piece of writing restricts the reader from interpreting su
Fear
Fear
As you open the door, its darkness almost jumps out and envelopes you. A world of uncertainty, unknown depth and endless secrets. Stale air wafts up from the depths. You flick the light switch, in an attempt to illuminate your journey into the unknown, but in vain. The fixtures have no bulbs. In spite of the lack of light, you continue. You begin down the stairs, each step producing a disturbing, moan-like squeaking sound. As you reach the bottom, you realize that that it is not as dark as you t
Irrationality is Justifed
Irrationality is Justifed
Irrationality is Justified In order to protect the rest of society one might find it logical that if injustice acts or mistakes are committed against the law, there should be consequences. Some believe that such irrational behavior must be unjustified; however Bigger Thomas?protagonist in the novel Native Son by Richard Wright?models otherwise. Richard Wright introduces Bigger Thomas, a troubled black man who is all at once a liar and a thief. He evokes sympathy for Bigger despite the fact that