History Page 6

European Union
European Union
European Union Introduction Europe made up more than 30 countries and even more distinct cultures; it is now trying to adjust to new economic systems throughout the world. Today with the trend toward big trading blocks like: N.A.F.T.A. or G.N.A.T.T. Europe is trying to advance it's old Trading block called the European Economic Community (EEC) to become the European Union. The current membership of 15 country's is ruled by one European Parliament. Under the E.U. each country will be under one cu
The Presidential Election Of 1972
The Presidential Election Of 1972
The Presidential Election of 1972 The Presidential election of 1972 had two strong candidates, President Richard Nixon and George McGovern. There were many issues which had a great deal of importance to the election. The Vietnam war and the stability of the economy at the time were two main factors. The election ended in one the largest political scandals in U.S. history, being the Watergate break-in, and cover-up, by President Richard Nixon. The Democratic party had a large selection of candida
The Effect Of Third Party Candidates In Presidental Elections
The Effect Of Third Party Candidates In Presidental Elections
The Effect of Third Party Candidates in Presidental Elections Although citizens of the United States have the opportunity to vote for many different offices at the national, state, and local levels, the election of the president of the United States every four years is the focal point of the American political process. The American political system has maintained a two- party system since its inception. Political scientists argue that a two-party system is the most stable and efficient means of
The First Amendment: Free Of Expression
The First Amendment: Free Of Expression
The First Amendment: Free of Expression In 1787 our forefathers ratified the constitution of the United States of America, which contains the most important document to any American citizen, the Bill of Rights. The first amendment of the Bill of Rights states: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the establishment thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech; or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the govern
The Bush Administrations Relation With Iraq Prior To Iraqs Invasion Of
The Bush Administrations Relation With Iraq Prior To Iraqs Invasion Of
The Bush Administration's Relation With Iraq Prior to Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait: Credibility and Misperception Prior to the August 2, 1990 invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq, the United States had questionable relations with Iraq dictator, Saddam Hussein, to say the least. In retrospect, which is inherently advantageous as a 20/20 perspective, questions remain unanswered as to whether or not the United States was too appeasing to Saddam Hussein in the years, months, and days leading up to th
The Brady Bill
The Brady Bill
The Brady Bill Introduction The legislative process in the United States Congress shows us an interesting drama in which a bill becomes a law through compromises made by diverse and sometimes conflicting interests in this country. There have been many controversial bills passed by Congress, but among all, I have taken a particular interest in the passage of the Brady bill. When the Brady debate was in full swing in Congress about three years ago, I was still back in my country, Japan, where the
The Balance Of Power Theory
The Balance Of Power Theory
The Balance of Power Theory The most critical and obvious feature of international affairs is its state of anarchy. The international stage features many indepent actors each seeking their own best interest and security . With no sovereign body to govern over these actors it would seem that the system would never be capable of attaining any control. However this is not the reality of the system, we have seen in history that it is possible to restrain the players. It is said to be as a result of
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) Where do you go if someone is threatening your personal rights? Do you go to the police, or maybe to the government? What if the police and government are the parties threatening your rights? All you have to do is just call the ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union). Sounds like a commercial doesn't it. The ACLU blankets the United States with its legal protection. It is involved in so many aspects of the fight for civil liberties that it is difficult to
Socialism
Socialism
Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise economy (see CA
Rush Limbaugh
Rush Limbaugh
Rush Limbaugh Rush Limbaugh has done much more than just change the style of talk radio, he has become somewhat of a political leader for many Americans. He has been the type of spokesman many people have been looking for. ?Why am I being called the most dangerous man in America?? Limbaugh asks his listeners. ? Because I am right, and I enjoy being right.? (June 3, 1995, The Philadelphia Inquirer) Rush has caused people to change their views of the country and it's political leaders. He's had ma
Luis Gutierrez
Luis Gutierrez
Luis Gutierrez The Fourth District of Chicago is rather new to the Chicago land made up largely of Hispanics and Latinos. This District like many others face major problems of crime, health care and education. Democratic representative Luis V. Gutierrez represents the answer to these and other problems. Who is Luis Gutierrez? Is this man making a difference? What are his issues? Is Luis doing his job? What is his impact on the system? These are question that need answering. These problems need s
Vote No For Quebec To Be Separate From Canada
Vote No For Quebec To Be Separate From Canada
Vote No For Quebec To Be Separate From Canada I urge you as a fellow Canadian to vote NO! to the upcoming referendum question. Canada as a whole has many unique qualities. Our most valued characteristic is our cultural diversity. Our combination of Anglophone and Francophone regions throughout our country and their ability to work together sets us apart from the rest of the world. Canada cannot function without Quebec just as Quebec cannot function without Canada. It has been said by many, that
Pros And Cons Of Judicial Review
Pros And Cons Of Judicial Review
Pros and Cons of Judicial Review Adam Kimball Pol. 1110 Instr. Madigan 12/10/96 Judicial Review is the power given to Supreme court justices in which a judge has the power to reason whether a law is unconstitutional or not. Chief Justice John Marshall initiated the Supreme Court's right to translate the Constitution in 1803 following the case of Marbury Vs. Madison, in which he declared the Supreme Court as the sole interpreters of Constitutional law. This is one of the sole purposes of the Supr
Propaganda In Elections
Propaganda In Elections
Propaganda In Elections Have you ever seen a TV commercial portraying a disastrous automobile accident, and then you reminds you to wear your seatbealts?!?! Believe it or not, that's using a technique in propaganda called the fear appeal. Propaganda is more widespread than people picture. Propaganda is being used for everything from the baby food you feed your child to the TV commercial you laughed at yesterday night. There are many techniques that a propagandist can use to seduce you. Some of t
Problems In Air Traffic Control And Proposed Solutions
Problems In Air Traffic Control And Proposed Solutions
Problems in Air Traffic Control and Proposed Solutions In northern California this summer, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) unintentionally performed it's first operational test of free flight; aviation without direct air traffic control. This was an unintentional experiment because it was a result of a total shut-down of the Oakland Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC). Although Oakland is only the 16th busiest ARTCC, it's responsible for the largest block of airspace of any ATC
President Reagans Strategic Defense Initiative: In Relation With The S
President Reagans Strategic Defense Initiative: In Relation With The S
President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative: In Relation With the Soviet Union For the first time humankind has the power to destroy itself. 1 The nuclear age has changed the world, for the good and the bad. Though the bad, is far greater than the good. We sometimes ponder to our selves, what would happen if we were forced in to a nuclear war ware their are now winners. The way life would be after such an incident would change life as we know it drastically. In the event of a nuclear war
Power Shifts In Intergovernmental Relations: A Result Of Fiscal Federa
Power Shifts In Intergovernmental Relations: A Result Of Fiscal Federa
Power Shifts in Intergovernmental Relations: A Result of Fiscal Federalism Fiscal federalism is the result of the states' dependence on the national government for funds. Until 1913, the national government had minimal monetary resources, thus possessing little control over the affairs of the states. Once effected, the Sixteenth Amendment resulted in the amassing of government funds on the national level. This reserve of money enabled the national government to initiate a multitude of national p
Policies On Cuba
Policies On Cuba
Policies on Cuba In Juan Rulfo's novel, Pedro Paramo, the reader follows a dusty road to a town of death, where the following is said ?Up and down the hill we went, but always descending . We had left the hot wind behind and were sinking into pure, airless heat. The stillness seem to be waiting for someone. ?It's hot here ? I said ?You might say, but this is nothing'. My companion relied. ?Try to take it easy. You'll feel it even more when we get to Comala. That town sits on the coals of the Ear
A Students Reading Of The Politics Of Rich And Poor
A Students Reading Of The Politics Of Rich And Poor
A Student's Reading of The Politics of Rich and Poor Often times, a political analyst/scientist will write a book on the politics and economics of the time. This writer may also create a work which emanates views contrary to the opinion of the governing body. Rarely, however, does one find an analyst who will clearly undermine his own political party by, in effect, saying, I told you so. Kevin Phillips, editor-publisher of The American Political Report, columnist for the Los Angeles Times, and
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico Mexico was the site of some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the western hemisphere. The Mayan culture, according to archaeological research, attained its greatest development about the 6th century AD. Another group, the Toltec, established an empire in the Valley of Mexico and developed a great civilization still evidenced by the ruins of magnificent buildings and monuments. The leading tribe, the Aztec, built great cities and developed an intricate social, political, a
The Theory Of Evolution
The Theory Of Evolution
The Theory of Evolution The theory of evolution, as set forth by Charles Darwin in 1859, stated that all plant and animal life evolved over long periods of time from simple to more complicated forms through mutation and adaptation. He also taught that only the fittest of each species would survive. He further postulated that the first living cell evolved in a warm warm little pond and that it took billions of years for the present diversity of living things to evolve. At the time, it was thou
The Hippie Movement That Arose From Vast Political Changes
The Hippie Movement That Arose From Vast Political Changes
The Hippie Movement That Arose From Vast Political Changes Massive black rebellions, constant strikes, gigantic anti-war demonstrations, draft resistance, Cuba, Vietnam, Algeria, a cultural revolution of seven hundred million Chinese, occupations, red power, the rising of women, disobedience and sabotage, communes & marijuana: amongst this chaos, there was a generation of youths looking to set their own standard - to fight against the establishment, which was oppressing them, and leave their mar
Oil In America
Oil In America
Oil in America America has many problems with it's environment. The facts are clear that most corporations won't take the blame for them. These companies try to find ways out by stating that they are not the ones responsible for these problems. They try to protect themselves from the mistakes they made in the oil industry and the country. The facts are clear that there have been disasters in the oil field industry in the past ten years and they stand out in history. The article Myths We Wouldn'
Nuclear Strikes
Nuclear Strikes
Nuclear Strikes Scientifically, there is no obstacle for a nuclear or atomic bomb. There are no secrets in Nuclear Science anymore. Anyone with a reasonable physics degree and access to a good technical library could design a workable atomic bomb in less than 6 months, so why hasn't anyone. Maybe there has been, no one is exactly sure. In the last 52 years there has been enough nuclear warheads made to destroy every city in the world and still have thousands left over.(Church 40) This all happen
Euthanasia
Euthanasia
Euthanasia submitted by Ryan Ames Euthanasia, as defined in Microsoft Encarta 95', is the act of painlessly ending the life of a person for reasons of mercy. This paper will examine the history of euthanasia and the issues surrounding assisted suicide. There are as many reasons for supporting assisted suicide as there are reasons to not support it. However one looks at this topic, we will all be confronted with this in one way or another. Medical technology has allowed life to be sustained lo
The United States And National Security, And Dominant Party In Balance
The United States And National Security, And Dominant Party In Balance
The United States and National Security, and Dominant Party in Balance of Power The emergence of the United States as a dominant party in balance of power equations is a relatively new phenomenon in world history. New military technology coupled with increased global integration has allowed the United States to reinvent the fundamental assumptions of international diplomacy while propelling itself to the top of the hegemonic stepladder. This positioning was achieved piecemeal during the course o
United States V. Nixon, President Of The United States
United States V. Nixon, President Of The United States
United States v. Nixon, President of the United States Throughout American history, the fear that our leaders may sometimes think themselves above the law has always been evident. The fear is that power brings corruptness. To prevent this, however, the system of checks and balances has been installed into the Constitution. No one branch of government stands above the law in this setup. This point was reasserted in the the Supreme Court case of 1974, United States v. Nixon. This case involved the
Richard Nixon And The Notion Of Presidential Power
Richard Nixon And The Notion Of Presidential Power
Richard Nixon and the Notion of Presidential Power Actions which otherwise would be unconstitutional, could become lawful if undertaken for the purpose of preserving the Constitution and the Nation. The idea that certain actions are not illegal if used to preserve the best interests of a nation has drawn sharp criticism from the time of Lincoln through today. Presidents of the United States do take a solemn oath in which they promise to ? . . . preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of
The Influence, And Views Of Netanyahu On The Middle East Peace Plan
The Influence, And Views Of Netanyahu On The Middle East Peace Plan
The Influence, and Views of Netanyahu On The Middle East Peace Plan The middle east has many problems trying to achieve peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The peace process started about four years ago with the Middle East countries. Through the process many people have had major influence on it. One person who might have one of the greatest influences of the peace agreement is Israeli Prime Minster Benjamin Netanyahu. The peace agreement is the biggest topic in the Middle East and he is
Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela Introduction Nelson Mandela was a son of a tribal chief. Nelson was a lawyer and worked tire-lessly to free his people. Nelson has been in jail for twenty-six years. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandla was born on July 18, 1918 at Transku area of South Africa. Nelson Mandela gave a speech Sestember 21, 1953. The quotation was adapted from an article by Jawaharlal Nehru: There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again
Lipsets American Creed
Lipsets American Creed
Lipset's American Creed Liberty. Egalitarianism. Individualism. Populism. Laissez-faire. These five concepts embody the American creed as described by author Seymour Martin Lipset. Lipset feels that this American creed is representative of an ideology that all Americans share. Lipset's argument is on shaky ground, however, when scrutinized under the microscope of race. Racial relations in this country do much to undermine the validity of Lipset's argument, especially the concepts of egalitar
Life, Death, And Politics: A Run-Down Of The Abortion Debate.
Life, Death, And Politics: A Run-Down Of The Abortion Debate.
Life, Death, and Politics: A Run-Down Of The Abortion Debate. Few issues have fostered such controversy as has the topic of abortion. The participants in the abortion debate not only have firmly-fixed beliefs, but each group has a self-designated appellation that clearly reflects what they believe to be the essential issues. On one side, the pro-choice supporters see individual choice as central to the debate: If a woman cannot choose to terminate an unwanted pregnancy, a condition which affects
Lester Pearson
Lester Pearson
Lester Pearson Lester B. Pearson lived from 1897-1972. He was born on April 23 1897, in Newtonbrooke Ontario (now part of Toronto). He died on December 27 1972. He was born the son of a Methodist parson. As a child he worked very hard in school, and he became one of the minority of high school graduates who went on to college. In his studies he went to Victoria College and the Methodist College inside the University of Toronto. In his free time he played hockey and baseball. He then became a med
Lebanon
Lebanon
Lebanon Lebanon, a nation that once proudly called itself the Switzerland of the Middle East, is today a country in name only. Its government controls little more than half of the nation's capital, Beirut. Its once-vibrant economy is a shambles. And its society is fragmented - so fragmented, some believe, that it may be impossible to re-create a unified state responsive to the needs of all its varied peoples. Lebanon lies on the eastern shore of the Mediterranea n Sea, in that part of southweste
Josephy P. Kennedy II
Josephy P. Kennedy II
Josephy P. Kennedy II United States Congressman Joseph P. Kennedy II is a Democratice representative from the State of Massachusetts. He represents the district formerly represented by Thomas Tip O'Neil, the former Speaker of the House of Representatives of the United States. His formal education includes a bachelor's degree from the University of Massachusetts in l976. He is married to the former Beth Kelly and is the father of two children. His father was the late Senator Robert Kennedy of N
Jesus: The First Anarchist
Jesus: The First Anarchist
Jesus: The First Anarchist an essay by George Stark In God We Trust, reads the American dollar, mouths the American government. The bosses put their hands on bibles and take office, they put their hands on bibles and swear to be truthful and honest and follow the teachings of the people's God. But are they following God's will? Have they ever been? JESUS: AN ANARCHIST? Throughout history Jesus Christ has been regarded as a revolutionary, but an anarchist? Yes, the answer. As time has passed an
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE INTRODUCTION Internal Combustion Engine, a heat engine in which the fuel is burned ( that is, united with oxygen ) within the confining space of the engine itself. This burning process releases large amounts of energy, which are transformed into work through the mechanism of the engine. This type of engine different from the steam engine, which process with an external combustion engine that fuel burned apart from the engine. The principal types of internal combustion
Invaded By Immigrants
Invaded By Immigrants
Invaded By Immigrants Canada being a relatively new country, as far as the history of the world goes was built by immigration. Every single resident of North America can trace his ancestry back to the cradle of life in Europe. Even Native Americans found their way to the new world over a frozen ice pack, spreading out across the land, weaving a rich culture and prospering. The Canada that we know today began only in the last 200 years. Settlers poured in from all over the world, tempted with fre
International Relations Of Asia
International Relations Of Asia
International Relations Of Asia STRATEGIC GEOMETRY This is the only region in the world where so many combinations and permutations of two- three and four- and even two plus four or three plus three- power games can be played on the regional chessboard with all their complexities and variations. introduction The concept of strategic geometry comprises the notion that that the interactions and interconnections between a number of political actors within a particular system of international rela
Imperial Presidency: Overview
Imperial Presidency: Overview
Imperial Presidency: Overview In his book, The Imperial Presidency, Arthur Schlesinger recounts the rise of the presidency as it grew into the imperial, powerful position that it is today. His writing reflects a belief that the presidency is becoming too powerful and that very few people are making a real effort to stop it. He analyzes the back and forth struggle for power between Congress and the Presidency. Schlesinger breaks up the first half of the book chronologically. He begins by discussi
Immigration Reform
Immigration Reform
Immigration Reform At this time, the United States has allowed more immigrants to enter the country than at any time in its history. Over a million legal and illegal immigrants take up residence in the United States each year. Immigration at its current magnitude is not fulfilling the interests or demands of this country. With the country struggling to support the huge intake of new comers, life in America has been suffering tremendously. The excessive stress put upon the welfare system, overuse
How Dole Could Have Used The Issues To His Advantage
How Dole Could Have Used The Issues To His Advantage
How Dole Could Have Used The Issues To His Advantage In a more or less conservative country, the more or less conservative candidate, Bob Dole, should have been a lock for the presidency; the only problem was President Clinton. Clinton had moved rightward positioning himself between Newt Gingrich's zealous revolutionaries on the right and liberal democratic barons on the left. Clinton's speeches started sounding like a Republican was giving them. Bob Dole had followed the Nixon ideology of going
Homosexuals: A Suspect Class?
Homosexuals: A Suspect Class?
Homosexuals: A Suspect Class? The struggle for minority protection by lesbians and gay men has moved to the center of American life at the outset of the 1990's. It is almost certain that lesbian and gay issues will be a more eminent aspect of the public consciousness and American political scene in the coming decade than in any other time in American history. Policy changes early in Bill Clinton's administration created a heated debate over the military presence of gays and lesbians, several sta
Has Political Islam Failed In Algeria?
Has Political Islam Failed In Algeria?
Has Political Islam Failed in Algeria? The question whether Political Islam has failed or not due to the internal structure of the Islamic political movement, in either Algeria or any other country in the Islamic World, is an important question for the analysis of the politicized Islamic phenomena. Olivier Roy sees the movement as a failure, not only in Algeria but also in the whole area from Casablanca to Tashkent, the movement has resulted in failure due to many reasons that are seen as common
Gun Control Is Needed
Gun Control Is Needed
Gun Control Is Needed Regulation of guns is a necessary action that needs to be taken in order to save lives. A good definition of gun control is needed to understand the sides and issues. Gun control is an effort to stop the rise in violent crime by strengthening laws on the ownership of firearms. Persons in the group against gun control believe that gun control is wrong, and that it is a violation of constitutional rights. Those in favor of gun control believe that gun control is good, that th
Gun Control
Gun Control
Gun Control Government 2301 02 November 1996 A Well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms , shall not be infringed. Amendment II, Bill of Rights Constitution of the U.S. The Second Amendment has been a major issue in American politics since 1876. In question is the intent of this Amendment. Was it meant to insure that people in general have arms for personal service, or was it intended to insure arms for military service
Gays In The Military
Gays In The Military
Gays In the Military Very often political institutions reflect the will of society and set the precedent for norms that will be expected of its members. The United States Military is still enforcing archaic policies which threaten to harm the principles our nation was founded upon. The principles of freedom and equality are those that every American holds closest to their heart, that is unless you are in the military and are gay. The issue of gays in the military has developed into a case of whe
Personal Freedom In The United States Of America
Personal Freedom In The United States Of America
Personal Freedom In the United States of America No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violat
The Importance Of Theoretical Frameworks For Understanding Foundations
The Importance Of Theoretical Frameworks For Understanding Foundations
The Importance of Theoretical Frameworks For Understanding Foundations of Political Science The importance of theoretical frameworks is essential for understanding foundations for political science. The definition of the word framework is a theory which can be used as a lens to look at a set of facts. (E.g., journalist look at a set of facts that tell a story of what happened). These frameworks in political science help build a strong foundation and advocate a precise sense of racial balance in
Economic Espionage
Economic Espionage
Economic Espionage A small Mississauga electronics safety equipment company is broken into. Although filing cabinets and desks were rummaged through, nothing was seemingly taken. An officer discovered the company had drawn up a bid for $7 million dollar contract a day or so before the break-in. The contract in question was for a foreign country. It was later discovered that the company in question was known for its aggressive economic espionage. An iron ore shipping company was also broken into.