History Page 9

Estuaries
Estuaries
Estuaries An estuary is a coastal area where fresh water from rivers and streams mixes with salt water from the ocean. Many bays, sounds, and lagoons along coasts are estuaries. Portions of rivers and streams connected to estuaries are also considered part of the estuary. The land area from which fresh water drains into the estuary is its watershed. Estuaries come in all shapes and sizes, each unique to their location and climate. Bays, sounds, marshes, swamps, inlets, and sloughs are all exampl
Energy Flow Systems
Energy Flow Systems
Energy Flow Systems Richard White's Organic Machine, and William Cronon's Changes in the Land, both examine environments as energy flow systems. The energy flow model was utilized by the authors to explain relationships within ecosystems. Richard White's thesis is to examine the river as an organic machine, as an energy system that, although modified by human intervention, maintains it's natural, its ?unmade? qualities. White emphasizes on energy because it is a useful concept that can be easily
Deciduous Forests
Deciduous Forests
Deciduous Forests INTRODUCTION A deciduous forest, simply described is a forest that is leafless during the winter. Eury species make up this type of forest, meaning that the species can tolerate a wide range of conditions. In the extreme northern latitudes, the growing season is short causing the trees to be leafless the majority of the year. The deciduous forest is subjected to distinct weather cycles and temperature shifts. In this area of the northeast we experience four distinct seasons, an
THE NEED FOR EXTREME CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM IN CALIFORNIA
THE NEED FOR EXTREME CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM IN CALIFORNIA
THE NEED FOR EXTREME CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM IN CALIFORNIA ORIENTATION FACTORS: I. Basic Introduction and description - Introduce basic sides of Criminal Law and Elaborate II. General History and Development - Discuss the history and modifications of Reform Laws in California III. Main Problems and Concern Stimulants - Point out real life statistics and point out incidents IV. Conclusion - Point out the need for an extreme reform and what can be done SENTENCE OUTLINE I. An analysis of Department
Between The Forest And Greed
Between The Forest And Greed
Between The Forest and Greed Within the past decade there has been a rising environmentally conscious movement. The spectrum of issues in contention by environmentalism has expanded virulently and is reaching its zenith. Public dissatisfaction with the environmental movement is forming, as the movement has taken the fight for the environment too far. Donella Meadows is an environmentalist who has yet to fully think about the issue she is arguing. In her piece Not Seeing the Forest for the Dol
Bats
Bats
Bats Prepared By: C4 8th Grade 01-05-97 Contents 1. Title Page Page... 1 2. Contents Page... 2 3. Bat Facts Page... 3-4 4. Congress Ave. Bridge Page... 5-6 5. How To Get A Bat Out Of Your House Page... 6 6. About Bat Houses Page... 7 7. References Page... 8+ My report is on bats. I will start my story off by telling you some facts about bats. Bat Facts 1. Did you know that the worlds smallest mammal is a Bumblebee bat that lives in Thailand. It weighs less than a penny! 2. Vampire bats adopt orp
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill ABSTRACT In March of 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. An eighteen foot wide hole was ripped into the hull, and 10.9 million gallons of crude oil spilled into the ocean. In the following weeks, many things transpired. This paper will discuss the cleanup, the damage, and the results of the biggest oil spill in United States history. On March 24, 1989, in Prince William Sound Alaska, the Exxon Valdez was moving South
Animal Rights
Animal Rights
Animal Rights Animal rights is a very fragile topic. Opposing sides have strong reasons to stand for either of their believes, leading to many ethical questions. One of the major questions is who is right and who is wrong? There is no one right answer, but instead million of them based upon our own individual opinion, and the opinions are formed on how we feel about the facts. Animal research, test, and use has taken humanity a long way, with its advances in medicine and as a major source of foo
Animal Rights
Animal Rights
Animal Rights Isn't man an amazing animal? He kills wildlife--birds, kangaroos, deer, all kinds of cats, coyotes, groundhogs, mice, foxes and dingoes--by the million in order to protect his domestic animals and their feed. Then he kills domestic animals by the billion and eats them. This in turn kills man by the million, because eating all those animals leads to degenerative--and fatal--health conditions like heart disease, kidney disease, and cancer. So then man tortures and kills millions mor
Animal Experimentation
Animal Experimentation
Animal Experimentation Introduction Animal experimentation has been a part of biomedical and behavioral research for several millennia; experiments with animals were conducted in Greece over 2,000 years ago. Many advances in medicine and in the understanding of how organisms function have been the direct result of animal experimentation. Concern over the welfare of laboratory animals is also not new, as reflected in the activities of various animal welfare and antivivisectionist groups dating ba
Aluminium
Aluminium
Aluminium The history of Aluminium use Aluminium is now one of the most widely used metals, but one of the hardest to refine due to it's reactivity with other elements. Even as late as the turn of the century, Aluminium was considered very valuable and in turn expensive, even more expensive than gold. In some cultures, when a function was held (for example, a party) by wealthy people, only the most honored guests would be given Aluminium cutlery, the others had to make do with gold or silver cut
Problems Caused By Air Pollution
Problems Caused By Air Pollution
Problems Caused By Air Pollution Some people think that air pollution is not harming the earth or the people, but it is doing worse, by killing the earth and getting people sick. Air pollutants, according to Gay, are known to cause respiratory diseases, cancer, and other serious illnesses (12). Air pollution not only threatens the health and life of humans but also causes damage to the environment (Gay 13). First, air pollution causes a great deal of health problems. Wanting clean air is a g
A Discussion On Earthquakes
A Discussion On Earthquakes
A Discussion On Earthquakes Perhaps Mother Nature offers no greater force than that of the earthquake. Across the span of time, earthquakes have been recorded for their incredible destructive forces, and their abilities to awe mankind with their unparalleled force. Earthquakes can often strike without any notice, leveling large cities and killing scores of innocent people. Not only can earthquakes bring harm to society through these methods of destruction, but they can also cause millions of dol
The Makioka Sisters
The Makioka Sisters
The Makioka Sisters Megan Guimon Saliba Alternative Calendars 11 January 2000 Change Is The Only Constant With life comes death, with destruction comes rebirth, and with fear often comes understanding and growth. Constant change within our environment surrounds and invades our existence--which too is ever changing, growing, digressing and evolving. Often a sad tone resounds within this acceptance of uncontrolled fluctuation. It is the sad or destructive experiences that one wishes could be contr
Suicide
Suicide
Suicide Suicide is a significant cause of death in many western countries. Attempts at suicide, and suicidal thoughts or feelings are usually a sign indicating that a person is not coping, often as a result of some event or series of events that they personally find prostrating traumatic or distressing. Most people who attempt suicide are confused about whether or not they want to die. They usually are desperate to find a way to remove or stop emotional pain. A suicide attempt is often a cry fo
History Of Computing Devices (computers)
History Of Computing Devices (computers)
History of Computing Devices (computers) By:Daniel Habay In order to see why we invented computers we must look at how they WERE used and how they ARE used today. One of the first major uses of computers was to aid mathematical pursuits. As computers went along they added to the fields of science and literature. Computers also filled a need, the need to be lazy. It was once said that the perfect combination was laziness and intelligence. I believe in that because you can see how computers are b
Lysistrata Of Aristophanes
Lysistrata Of Aristophanes
Lysistrata of Aristophanes The Lysistrata of Aristophanes Aristophanes was a satirist who produced Lysistrata around 413 BC when the news of Athen?s warships had been destroyed near Sicily. For twenty-one years, while Athens was engaged in war, he relentlessly and wittliy attacked the war, the ideals of the war, the war party and the war spirit. This risked his acceptance and his Athenian citizenship. Lysistrata is probably the oldest comedy which has retained a place in modern theatre. It prima
Bacteria
Bacteria
Bacteria Bacteria are often maligned as the causes of human and animal disease (like this one, Leptospira, which causes serious disease in livestock). However, certain bacteria, the actinomycetes, produce antibiotics such as streptomycin and nocardicin; others live symbiotically in the guts of animals (including humans) or elsewhere in their bodies, or on the roots of certain plants, converting nitrogen into a usable form. Bacteria put the tang in yogurt and the sour in sourdough bread; bacteria
In The Skin Of A Lion
In The Skin Of A Lion
In The Skin Of A Lion Let me now re-emphasise the extreme looseness of the structure of all objects How Ondaatje makes use of loosness in the novel. In In The Skin Of A Lion by Michael Ondaatje, the extreme looseness of the structure of all objects is carried into the themes, characters and into the nature of the novel itself. Ondaatje uses a looseness in the style of the novel - post modernism, and looseness of structure in the way that people are able to stretch and expand their boundaries
Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes Langston Hughes is considered by many readers to be the most significant black poet of the twentieth century. He is described as ?...the beloved author of poems steeped in the richness of African American culture, poems that exude Hughes?s affection for black Americans across all divisions of region, class, and gender.? (Rampersad 3) His writing was both depressing and uplifting at times. His poetry, spanning five decades from 1926 to 1967, reflected the changing black experience
Lady Audleys Secret
Lady Audleys Secret
Lady Audley's Secret The Style and Genre of Lady Audley?s Secret Lady Audley?s Secret, by Mary Elizabeth Braddon, is a novel of many elements. It has been placed in many different style or genre categories since its publication. I feel that it best fits under the melodrama or sensational genre, and under the subgenre of mystery. It contains significant elements of both types of writing, so I feel it is best to recognize both, keeping in mind that melodrama is its main device and mystery is a typ
Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park
Jurassic Park The Question of Control as Presented in Jurassic Park According to Arnold Pacey How could one describe the relationship between humans and nature? Perhaps it is one of control, a constant struggle between the power of the elements and the sophistication of human mechanization. Could it be one of symbiosis, where man and nature coexist in relative peace? Are we, as a species, simply a part of nature?s constantly changing realm? This issue is one that philosophers have debated for ce
Jane Eyre - Nature
Jane Eyre - Nature
Jane Eyre - Nature Jane Eyre - Analysis of Nature Charlotte Bronte makes use of nature imagery throughout Jane Eyre, and comments on both the human relationship with the outdoors and human nature. The Oxford Reference Dictionary defines nature as 1. the phenomena of the physical world as a whole . . . 2. a thing's essential qualities; a person's or animal's innate character . . . 4. vital force, functions, or needs. We will see how Jane Eyre comments on all of these. Several natural them
Jane Eyre
Jane Eyre
Jane Eyre Jane Eyre: Role of Male Dominance Somewhere, The Dark Sheds Light Never, never, never quit... -Winston Churchill If women on this Earth had given up, they would be where they were in the time of Charlotte Brontė. Jane Eyre, by Charlotte Brontė, tells the story of a woman on a lifetime journey, progressing on the path of acceptance, in searching of sympathy. Throughout her journey, Jane encounters many obstacles to her intelligence. Jane lives in a world and in a time where society th
Antibiotic Resistance In Bacteria
Antibiotic Resistance In Bacteria
Antibiotic Resistance In Bacteria For about 50 years, antibiotics have been the answer to many bacterial infections. Antibiotics are chemical substances that are secreted by living things. Doctors prescribed these medicines to cure many diseases. During World War II, it treated one of the biggest killers during wartime - infected wounds. It was the beginning of the antibiotic era. But just when antibiotics were being mass produced, bacteria started to evolve and became resistant to these medici
A Separate Peace: Character Sketch Of Leper Lepellier
A Separate Peace: Character Sketch Of Leper Lepellier
A Separate Peace: Character Sketch of Leper Lepellier Leper Lepellier: quite an interesting character indeed! One minute searching for beaver dams, the next moving on to something totally unrelated. He most definitely did not go along with the crowd! He didn?t care that the rest of his class was off to clear snow from the railroad tracks - he had to find that beaver dam! He, in a way, was like Chet Douglas. He was fascinated by nature the way Chet was fascinated by history, math or whatever othe
Huckleberry Finn - Superstitions
Huckleberry Finn - Superstitions
Huckleberry Finn - Superstitions Narrative Voices in Huck Finn- Huckleberry Finn provides the narrative voice of Mark Twain?s novel, and his honest voice combined with his personal vulnerabilities reveal the different levels of the Grangerfords? world. Huck is without a family: neither the drunken attention of Pap nor the pious ministrations of Widow Douglas were desirable allegiance. He stumbles upon the Grangerfords in darkness, lost from Jim and the raft. The family, after some initial cross-
House On Mango Street
House On Mango Street
House On Mango Street The House on Mango Street The House on Mango Street is a very interesting book about a young Latino girl and her daily life. It is a look through a child?s eyes of the world around her. The story is written in short chapters, explaining different aspects of life from a child?s point of view. The story confronts poverty, physical abuse, discrimination and other issues that we?d never want our children to deal with. The House on Mango Street is truly a worthwhile book for chi
Penelope As Moral Agent
Penelope As Moral Agent
Penelope as Moral Agent In her essay Penelope as Moral Agent, Helene Foley attempts to discuss Penelope, a major character in Homer's the Odyssey, in terms of Classical Athenian portrayals of women and, as her title suggests, in terms of what she calls a moral agent. In her introductory paragraph she lays out guidelines as set down by Aristotle and his contemporaries that constitute a moral agent: the character must make an ethical and moral decision on which the actions turns?without criti
Herodotus And Rhampsinitus And The Thief
Herodotus And Rhampsinitus And The Thief
Herodotus and 'Rhampsinitus and the Thief' Herodotus and ?Rhampsinitus and the Thief? BY: Layla Brown Herodotus, the first Greek historian, has been called by some the father of history and by others the father of lies. Born in 485 B.C to a wealthy family at Halicarnassus, in Asia Minor, he was exiled to Samos soon after his birth because of his family?s opposition to the Persian domination of Ionia. During his youth, he traveled widely, studying the manners, customs, and religions of the pe
Herman Melville
Herman Melville
Herman Melville Melville, Herman (1819-91), an American Novelist, is widely regarded as one of America's greatest and most influential novelists; known primarily as the author of Moby Dick. He belonged to a group of eminent pre-Civil War writers-American Romantics or members of the American Renaissance-who created a new and vigorous national literature. He is one of the notable examples of an American author whose work went largely unrecognized in his own time and died in obscurity. American nov
H.G. Wells
H.G. Wells
H.G. Wells In History, many writers have tried to touch on stories of science fiction, but were not too successful. One man though, by the name of Herbert George Wells has been considered by some to be the father of modern science fiction.(GeoCities.com) H.G. Wells as some may call him, have had various books, and stories that has made him very famous in the great book world around the nation, as far as modern science fiction goes. Wells best know books include, The Time Machine , The Invisible
Bartelby The Scrivener
Bartelby The Scrivener
Bartelby the Scrivener I began my Hawthorne reading task with The Birth-Mark. I picked this story because I am familiar with the Maypole of Merrymount and Young Goodman Brown, and I wanted to try something different. I was pleasantly surprised with The Birth-Mark, in my mind it far surpasses the latter two stories. I think one of the most admirable traits of Hawthorne is his ability to write as though actions are taking place somewhere in the present. Aylmer could very well live today, somewhere
Hard Times
Hard Times
Hard Times The book Hard Times written by Charles Dickens is a story about a Lancashire Mill Town in the 1840?s. The novel is divided into three books. Dickens titles the books accordingly to prepare the reader for what is about to come, and throughout the novel he shows the effects of the education system, the setup of the caste system, and the Industrial Revolution had on society through this small town of Coketown. The main characters of the novel show the English caste system of the 19th cen
Sympathy
Sympathy
Sympathy During the nineteenth and early twentieth century, the African American population still felt the aftermath of slavery through the beliefs and actions of the white societies. During slavery African Americans were dehumanized, looked upon as property, and treated worse than animals. Furthermore, slaves were denied the right to life, forced to work endlessly, and suffered abuse from their masters. However, slavery ended in 1865 and yet Africans are still suffering from the entrapment of s
H.G. Wells
H.G. Wells
H.G. Wells One of the most prolific writers of his time, H.G. ( Herbert George) Wells was able to do it all. He was universal, and could write from many different sides. He was one of the most versitile writers, as he could write like a novelist, as in the The History of Mr. Polly. He could also write short stories, like The Star, or The Door In The Wall. He was also considered to be a visionary and a dreamer, as shown throughout A Modern Utopia, and Men Like Gods. What Wells was most famous for
Gullivers Travels
Gullivers Travels
Gulliver's Travels Rational Man: A critique and analysis of R.S. Crane's interpretive essay on Book IV of Swift's Gulliver's Travels Since its first publication nearly three hundred years ago, Jonathan Swift's satirical prose Gulliver's Travels has been the subject of a wide variety of literary critique and social interpretation. Although many readers, at first glance, take this tale to be simply a fantastic narrative of a common man and his encounters with unusual locations and people through s
Flying Home
Flying Home
Flying Home Flying Home : a Living Story. Ralph Waldo Ellison is perhaps one of the most influential African-American writers of the twentieth century. Ellison is best known for writing about such topics as self-awareness, identity, and the racial repression of African-Americans in the United States. His masterpiece, Invisible Man, chronicles the story of a young man striving to find himself in a world where he is hardly noticed. This novel won him much respect in the eyes of the literary commun
The Crucible - Film Review
The Crucible - Film Review
The Crucible - Film Review The Crucible: A Film Review Who'd have thought that simple dancing could cause so much chaos in a small town. This is precisely what happens in the film The Crucible (Nicholas Hytner, 1996), which was originally written as a play by Arthur Miller. This story is based on actual events, which helps in showing the accuracy of the events. The story takes place in Salem in 1692, during the Salem witch trials. The story starts when a group of young girls, particularly one na
Jane Erye - Feminism
Jane Erye - Feminism
Jane Erye - Feminism Feminism in Jane Erye Feminism is a very contradictory theme throughout literary history. It does not have to be seen as a complete rebellion against men, but can simply represent intelligence and self-worth in a female. This philosophy is shown in many of the works of Charlotte Bronte. She uses independence as a keynote in her thinking about her own life and the life of all unmarried women (Ewbank 157). One such work is Jane Erye. In this novel Charlotte Bronte personifies
F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald F. Scott Fitzgerald F. Scott Fitzgerald is in many ways one of the most important American writers of the twentieth century. In his first novel, This Side of Paradise, Fitzgerald epitomized the mindset of an era with the statement that his generation had, grown up to find all Gods dead, all wars fought, and all faiths in man shaken? (Fitzgerald 307). Aside from being a major literary voice of the twenties and thirties, Fitzgerald was also among The Lost Generation?s harshest
The Doubt Of Future Foes
The Doubt Of Future Foes
The Doubt of Future Foes EXPLICATION The Doubt of Future Foes by Queen Elizabeth I The doubt of future foes exiles my present joy, And wit me warns to shun such snares as threaten mine annoy. For falsehood now doth flow, and subject faith doth ebb, Which would not be, if reason ruled or wisdom weaved the web. But clouds of toys untried do cloak aspiring minds, Which turn to rain of late repent, by course of changed winds. The top of hope supposed, the root of ruth will be, And fruitless all th
Everything That Rises Must Coverge
Everything That Rises Must Coverge
Everything that rises must coverge The short story Everything That Rises Must Converge , by Flannery O?Connor tells the story of Julian, the main character and his thoughts and feelings toward his mother. Julian is a college graduate who has a fair understating of the world he lives in, and because of this finds difficulty dealing with his mother and her views of the world. The story begins with Julian and his mother taking their regular trip downtown to the YMCA. Julian is often embarrassed by
Everyday Use
Everyday Use
Everyday Use Through contrasting family members and views in Everyday Use , Alice Walker illustrates the importance of understanding our present life in relation to the traditions of our own people and culture. Using careful descriptions and attitudes, Walker demonstrates which factors contribute to the values of one?s heritage and culture; she illustrates that these are represented not by the possession of objects or mere appearances, but by one?s lifestyle and attitude. In Everyday Use Walker
Epic Of Gilgamesh
Epic Of Gilgamesh
Epic of Gilgamesh But then I ask the question: How many men must die before we can really have a free and true and peaceful society?How long will it take?If we can catch the spirit, and the true meaning of this experience, I believe that this nation can be transformed into a society of love, of justice, peace, and brotherhood where all men can really be brothers. -Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Since the beginning of early civilization, differences in races and cultures have been a part of
John Dryden
John Dryden
John Dryden John Dryden: England's Controversial and Exceptional Genius John Dryden was England's most outstanding and controversial writer for the later part of the seventeenth century, dominating the literary world as a skilled and versatile dramatist, a pioneer of literary criticism, and a respected writer of the Restoration period. With Dryden's great literary and critical influence on the English society during the Restoration period he has made a name for himself, which will be studied and
The Scarlet Letter - Sin
The Scarlet Letter - Sin
The Scarlet Letter - Sin In Adams fall, we sinned all. This old Sunday-school saying applies well to Nathaniel Hawthorne?s characters in The Scarlet Letter. The main characters, Hester Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale, Roger Chillingworth, as well as the townspeople, all sinned. The story is a study of the effects of sin on the hearts and minds of Hester, Dimmesdale, and Chillingworth. Sin strengthens Hester, humanizes Dimmesdale, and turns Chillingworth into a demon. Hester Prynne?s sin was adultery
ALZHEIMERS
ALZHEIMERS
ALZHEIMER'S Brian Foster Health March 2, 1999 Alzheimer's disease was first described by Alois Alzheimer. Alois Alzheimer was a German psychiatrist and neuropathologist and he first described it in 1906. The disease was first thought to be a rare condition affecting only young people, and was referred to as presenite dementia. About 10 percent of the United States population over the age of 65 is affected by Alzheimer's disease, and up to 45 percent of those over the age of 85 may have the dise
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe Edgar Allan Poe Overview On January 19, 1809, in Boston Massachusetts one of the world?s most distinguished writers was born. This writer?s name was Edgar Allan Poe, he was born the son of an actress and an actor . At the age of three, Poe?s mother gave him up to a prosperous merchant by the name of John Allan who took care of him until he began running into gambling problems at the school which he attended in Virginia. He only attended for one year due to these troubles. Poe tha
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe
Edgar Allen Poe Many authors have made great contributions to the world of literature. Mark Twain introduced Americans to life on the Mississippi. Thomas Hardy wrote on his pessimistic views of the Victorian Age. Another author that influenced literature is Edgar Allan Poe. Poe is known as the father of the American short story and father of the detective story. To understand the literary contributions of Edgar Allan Poe, one must look at his early life, his literary life, and a summary of two o