John Marshall Harlan

Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action Affirmative action works. There are thousands of examples of situations where people of color, white women, and working class women and men of all races who were previously excluded from jobs or educational opportunities, or were denied opportunities once admitted, have gained access through affirmative action. When these policies received executive branch and judicial support, vast numbers of people of color, white women and men have gained access they would not otherwise hav
Katz V. The United States
Katz V. The United States
Katz V. The United States The petitioner Mr. Katz was arrested for illegal gambling, he had been gambling over a public phone. The FBI attached an electronic recorder onto the outside of the public phone booth. The state courts claimed this to be legal because the recording device was on the outside of the phone and the FBI never entered the booth. The Supreme Court Ruled in the favor of Katz. They stated that the Fourth Amendment allowed for the protection of a person and not just a person?s p
New York Times Vs. U.S. (1971)
New York Times Vs. U.S. (1971)
New York Times vs. U.S. (1971) This case came at a time when America was at unrest. A controversial war had divided the country. Opinions and arguments about whether the US involvement in Vietnam was warranted occupied the minds of American citizens. The people were hungry for information regarding the war. The Pentagon Papers, somehow leaked to the New York Times and Washington Post, fulfilled this need of the people for information. The government's assumption of prior restraint seemed to be a
John Marshall Harlan II
John Marshall Harlan II
John Marshall Harlan II John Marshall Harlan II was born on May 20, 1899 in Chicago, Illinois. He was born to John Maynard Harlan, an attorney, and Elizabeth Flagg Harlan. John Marshall Harlan II came from a long line of political servants, of whom his grandfather is probably most notable. John Marshall Harlan I, whom John Marshall Harlan II was named after, sat on the Supreme Court as an Associate Justice from 1877 to 1911. Johan Marshall Harlan II is best remembered as the lone dissenter of th
Notes/Explanation
Notes/Explanation
Notes/Explanation This is an advantage that can be read by an affirmative that curtails any (arguably) unconstitutional surveillance practice. Additional links or internal links (X program is unconstitutional) will be found in the relevant affirmative files. 1AC 1AC — Contractualism Version First, mass surveillance is unconstitutional because it violates the Fourth Amendment. The Freedom Act was a net-negative because it extended unconstitutional programs. Marthews 14 —Alex Marthews, Na