Playwright

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams The playwright, Tennessee Williams, allows the main characters in the plays A Streetcar Named Desire and The Glass Menagerie to live miserable lives which they try to deny and later change. The downfall and denial of the Southern gentlewoman is a common theme in both plays. The characters, Blanche from A.S.N.D. and Amanda from T.G.M., are prime examples of this concept. Both Blanche and Amanda have had many struggles in their lives and go through even more through out the rest
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare William Shakespeare was a great English playwright, dramatist and poet who lived during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Shakespeare is considered to be the greatest playwright of all time. No other writer's plays have been produced or read as much as his. Shakespeare was born to a middle class family. His father, John, was a Stratford businessman. He was a glove maker who owned a leather shop. John Shakespeare was a well known and respected man in the town
Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury It was a special pleasure to see things eaten, to see things blackened and changed. With thebrass nozzle in his fists, with this great python spitting its venomous kerosene upon the world, theblood pounded in his head, and his hands were the hands of some amazing conductor playing allthe symphonies of blazing and burning to bring down the tatters and charcoal ruins of history.With his symbolic helmet numbered 451 on his stolid head, and his eyes all orange flame with thethought of
Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou Sergejs Golubevs. Mrs.Dunton. Engl.82 Maya Angelou. Maya Angelou, born April 4, 1928 as Marguerite Johnson in St. Louis, was raised in segregated rural Arkansas. She is a poet, historian, author, actress, playwright, civil-rights activist, and director. She has been working at Wake Forest University in north Carolina since 1981.She has published ten best selling books and numerous magazine articles earning her Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award nomination. At the request of Pres
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare William Shakespeare was a great English playwright, dramatist and poet who lived during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Shakespeare is considered to be the greatest playwright of all time. No other writer's plays have been produced so many times or read so widely in so many countries as his. Shakespeare was born to middle class parents. His father, John, was a Stratford businessman. He was a glove maker who owned a leather shop. John Shakespeare was a well
Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar The story of Julius Caesar?s assassination has been told both historically and fictionally. Historical sources focus on the facts of the assassination, while fictionary works focus more on the characters and the drama of the story. Because of the different purposes of the sources, there are many differences between the historical and fictional stories. William Shakespeare?s Julius Caesar adds certain details and dramatic elements to make the story more interesting and to make the p
Why Should Students Study Shakespeare In School?
Why Should Students Study Shakespeare In School?
Why Should Students Study Shakespeare in School? Simply stated, students should study Shakespeare's works in school because of the incredible value within them. In addition to exposing students to a multitude of literary techniques, Shakespeare's plays challenge the student with difficult language and style, express a profound knowledge of human behavior and offer insight into the world around us. William Shakespeare is recognized by much of the world as the greatest of all dramatists. The intri
The Tempest - Bringing It All Together
The Tempest - Bringing It All Together
The Tempest - Bringing it all together The Epilogue of the Tempest by William Shakespeare is an excellent-if not the best-example of Shakespeare's brilliance. In 20 lines Shakespeare is able to write an excellent ending to his play, while speaking through his characters about Shakespeare's own life and career. Even more amazingly, he seemlessly ties the two together. In the context of the story Prospero's monologue makes perfect sense. He has lost his magical power, so his charms are o'erthrown
Shakespeare And His Theater
Shakespeare And His Theater
Shakespeare and his Theater Compared to the technical theaters of today, the London public theaters in the time of Queen Elizabeth I seem to be terribly limited. The plays had to be performed during daylight hours only and the stage scenery had to be kept very simple with just a table, a chair, a throne, and maybe a tree to symbolize a forest. Many say that these limitations were in a sense advantages. What the theater today can show for us realistically, with massive scenery and electric lighti
Shakespeare - Authorship
Shakespeare - Authorship
Shakespeare - Authorship In 1564, a man was born by the name of William Shakespeare. He was born to a poor family, was given little education, and had no interaction with sophisticated society. Thirty-eight plays and over 150 sonnets are not attributed to this ignorant man. Those who believe that Shakespeare was the author have no definitive proof but instead point to Hamlet?s declaration: The play?s the thing(Satchell 71). The true author, however, lies hidden behind he name of Shakespeare. Edw
Shakespeare - His View On Kingship
Shakespeare - His View On Kingship
Shakespeare - His view on kingship Shakespeare?s ideas towards kingship can be seen throughout the play. He shows that a king should be chosen by divine right and shows the attributes of what a good king should be. The play ?Macbeth? is set in medieval Scotland at the fictional time of King Duncan. Scotland is currently at war with the Norwegians when news of their victory comes through, with thanks to the two leaders of the army Macbeth and Banquo. On their travel home Macbeth and Banquo stumbl
Shakespeare - Globe Theater
Shakespeare - Globe Theater
Shakespeare - Globe Theater Compared to the technical theaters of today, the London public theaters in the time of Queen Elizabeth I seem to be terribly limited. The plays had to be performed during daylight hours only and the stage scenery had to be kept very simple with just a table, a chair, a throne, and maybe a tree to symbolize a forest. Many say that these limitations were in a sense advantages. What the theater today can show for us realistically, with massive scenery and electric lighti
Othello
Othello
Othello In the Elizabethan times, there was a common belief that all beings belonged to a structure called the Great Chain of Beings . At the top of the chain was God, who was the absolute symbol of perfection, followed by angels which had reason, human beings, and then animals, that were full of passion. It was believed that the human being was a mixture of both the angel and the animal, thus there was conflict between these two halves of a human being. The angel was representative of all that
Hamlet - A Comparison To Humanity
Hamlet - A Comparison To Humanity
Hamlet - A Comparison to Humanity The Elizabethan play The Tragedy of Hamlet Prince of Denmark is one of William Shakespeare's most popular works. One of the possible reasons for this play's popularity is the way Shakespeare uses the character Hamlet to exemplify the complex workings of the human mind. The approach taken by Shakespeare in Hamlet has generated countless different interpretations of meaning, but it is through Hamlet's struggle to confront his internal dilemma, deciding when to rev
Much Ado About Nothing
Much Ado About Nothing
Much Ado About Nothing Much Ado about Nothing Title Much Ado About Nothing illustrates a kind of deliberately puzzling title that seems to have been popular in the late 1590s (ex As You Like It ). Indeed, the play is about nothing; it follows the relationships of Claudio and Hero (which is constantly hampered by plots to disrupt it), and in the end, the play culminates in the two other main characters falling in love (Beatrice and Bena*censored*), which, because it was an event that was quite pr
Macbeth - Kingship
Macbeth - Kingship
Macbeth - Kingship With detailed reference to the characters of Macbeth, Duncan, Malcolm and Edward in the play ?Macbeth?, analyse William Shakespeare?s ideas and attributes towards kingship and assess what you think the audiences reaction to the play would be at the time. Shakespeare?s ideas towards kingship can be seen throughout the play. He shows that a king should be chosen by divine right and shows the attributes of what a good king should be. The play ?Macbeth? is set in medieval Scotland
Macbeth - Power Shifts
Macbeth - Power Shifts
Macbeth - Power Shifts DRAMA OFTEN EXAMINES THE WAYS INDIVIDUALS STRUGGLE TO DOMINATE AND/OR MINIPULATE EACH OTHER. DISCUSS THE TECHNIQUES USED IN ONE OR MORE PLAYS, WHICH DRAW OUT ATTENTION TO THE POWER SHIFTS BWTWEEN CHARACTERS. The text Macbeth by famous playwright William Shakespeare portrays a dramatic power struggle by the careful employment of various literary techniques. Authority poisons everybody who takes authority on himself (Vladimir Ilyich Lenin) aptly describes this prominent th
Macbeth - Tragedy
Macbeth - Tragedy
Macbeth - Tragedy William Shakespeare is the noted author of a vast array of plays, ranging from comedies to histories to tragedies. Perhaps one of his most famous in the tragedy genre is Macbeth. Though Shakespeare can be considered as a scholar in the sense that he was both a renowned and prolific playwright, look back a few hundred years to find Aristotle, one of the most famous scholars and philosophers of all time. In his treatise titled Poetics, he defends poetry against criticism as well
The World Today Seems To Be Going Crazy: The Unabombers Manifesto
The World Today Seems To Be Going Crazy: The Unabombers Manifesto
The world today seems to be going crazy: The Unabomber's Manifesto It was May 25th 1978, Terry Marker was on his usual patrol on campus at the University of Illinois. This earmark package, addressed to an engineering professor at Rensselaer from a material science professor at Northwestern, was found in a parking lot. What seemed like an insignificant misplaced parcel was about to start a reign of terror and the longest manhunt in U.S. history. Officer Marker retrieved the package and began to
J.D. Salinger
J.D. Salinger
J.D. Salinger Born on January 1, 1919, Jerome David Salinger was to become one of America?s greatest contemporary authors. In 1938 Salinger briefly attended Ursinus College in Pennsylvania where he wrote a column, Skipped Diploma, which featured movie reviews for his college newspaper. Salinger made his writing debut when he published his first short story, The Young Folks, in Whit Burnett?s Story magazine (French, xiii). He was paid only twenty-five dollars. In 1939, at the age of 20, Salinger
Dr Faustus
Dr Faustus
Dr Faustus The Comic Scenes of Dr. Faustus When I first began reading Dr. Faustus I did not even realize that there were comic scenes. Only after being told and after watching the movie did I realize that there were comic scenes. Many critics say that Christopher Marlowe did not even write these scenes, but instead say that they were written later by other playwrights. After realizing that there was in fact comedy in the play, I began to ponder why it was in the play. My first thought was that t
Death And The Maiden
Death And The Maiden
Death and The Maiden The Polanski film Death and the Maiden is a wonderful and intelligent interpretation of Ariel Dorfman?s human rights problem play. Polanski has produced, in this film, an exceptional piece of direction, in which his own personal, emotional input is evident. The main theme of the play is an extremely personal one for both playwright (and scriptwriter) and director. Both Dorfman and Polanski have had to face and flee the horrors of dictatorship and human rights violations: Dor
Tennessee Williams - Outcasts In His Plays
Tennessee Williams - Outcasts In His Plays
Tennessee Williams - Outcasts in His Plays More than a half century has passed since critics and theater-goers recognized Tennessee Williams (1911-1983) as an important American playwright, whose plays fellow dramaturge David Mamet calls the greatest dramatic poetry in the American language (qtd. in Griffin 13). Williams's repertoire includes some 30 full-length plays, numerous short plays, two volumes of poetry, and five volumes of essays and short stories. He won two Pulitzer Prizes (for A S
Oedipus Rex
Oedipus Rex
Oedipus Rex Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles, (as translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald), is replete with dramatic devices - one of which is known as Sophoclean Irony. Sophoclean Irony can be divided into two terms: unconscious and conscious irony. Unconscious irony occurs when a character speaks what he believes is the truth, but the audience (fore-armed with knowledge of the truth) knows that it is not. Conscious irony is evident when a character knows the truth but is reluctant to reveal
Mother Courage: The Hole In The Cheese
Mother Courage: The Hole In The Cheese
Mother Courage: The Hole in the Cheese Mother Courage contains a quote that pulls the entire play together so innocuously; it's hard to believe that Brecht originally intended it to be so symbolic. Yet, there it is, in scene six, the chaplain rhetorically asks, What happens to the hole when the cheese is gone? This line operates on the three essential layers of the play: the level of the character, of the playwright (plot), and of the audience. On face value, this line is said about peace. T
Alcestis
Alcestis
Alcestis Alcestis is a myth that is the most touching of all the Greek dramas to a modern audience (Lind 213). It is a tragicomedy by the playwright Euripides and it centers on the king and queen of Thessalia. Admetus, the king, has been fated to die yet, due to his alliance with Apollo, is given the chance to find a replacement. His wife, Alcestis, volunteers for the position claiming that she cannot imagine life without her husband. After Alcestis submits her life, Admetus discovers the pain
The Glass Menagerie
The Glass Menagerie
The Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams? The Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams is one the major writers of the mid-twentieth century. He has written plays like The Glass Managerie and A Streetcar Named Desire. The common theme of The Glass Menagerie is that hopeful aspirations are followed by inevitable disappointments. This theme is common throughout all of Williams? books and throughout his own life as well. It is shown through the use of symbols and characters. I have only one major theme for
The Waste Land
The Waste Land
The Waste Land SURREALISM AND T.S. ELIOT Surrealism is a dangerous word to use about the poet, playwright and critic T.S. Eliot, and certainly with his first major work, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock . Eliot wrote the poem, after all, years before Andre Breton and his compatriots began defining and practicing surrealism proper. Andre Breton published his first Manifesto of Surrealism in 1924, seven years after Eliot's publication of The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. It was this
A Raisin In The Sun
A Raisin In The Sun
A Raisin in the Sun Conflict in A Raisin in the Sun In the play A Raisin in the Sun, the playwright Lorraine Hansberry depicts the life of an impoverished African American family living on the south side of Chicago. The Youngers, living in a small apartment and having dreams larger than the world in which the live, often use verbal abuse as a way to vent their problems. Many times, this verbal abuse leads to unnecessary conflict within the family. The most frequently depicted conflict is that be
Oedipus Rex
Oedipus Rex
Oedipus Rex Oedipus Rex Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles, (as translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald), is replete with dramatic devices - one of which is known as Sophoclean Irony. Sophoclean Irony can be divided into two terms: unconscious and conscious irony. Unconscious irony occurs when a character speaks what he believes is the truth, but the audience (fore-armed with knowledge of the truth) knows that it is not. Conscious irony is evident when a character knows the truth but is reluctan
Death Of A Salesman - Symbols
Death Of A Salesman - Symbols
Death of a Salesman - Symbols Arthur Miller is recognized as an important and influential playwright, not to mention essayist and novelist. Although he has had plenty of luck in his writing career, his fame is the product of his ingenious ability to control what he wants his readers to picture or feel. As one of his critics states, Miller writes ingeniously, conveying the message that ?if the proper study of mankind is man, man?s inescapable problem is himself (Brown, 306).? Miller accurately pu
Death And The Maiden - Film Vs. Text Comparison
Death And The Maiden - Film Vs. Text Comparison
Death and The Maiden - film vs. text comparison The Polanski film Death and the Maiden is a wonderful and intelligent interpretation of Ariel Dorfman?s human rights problem play. Polanski has produced, in this film, an exceptional piece of direction, in which his own personal, emotional input is evident. The main theme of the play is an extremely personal one for both playwright (and scriptwriter) and director. Both Dorfman and Polanski have had to face and flee the horrors of dictatorship and h
Dead White Males - David Williamson
Dead White Males - David Williamson
Dead White Males - David Williamson Dead White Males, the play by Australian playwright David Williamson, deals with several conflicts which occur between the characters. Whether they concern patriarchy and feminism, or intellectualism and anti-intellectualism, these opposing ideas each spawn from the play?s chief conflict between liberal humanism and post-structuralism. In the beginning, the play?s main character, Angela Judd, finds herself somewhere amidst the two. During the course of the pla
A Farewell To Arms
A Farewell To Arms
A Farewell to Arms From Ancient Greek playwright, Euripides, (To die is a debt we must all of us discharge (Fitzhenry 122)) to renowned Nineteenth Century poet, Emily Dickinson, (Because I could not stop for Death/ He kindly stopped for me -/ The carriage held but just ourselves/ And Immortality (Fitzhenry 126)) the concept of death, reincarnation, rebirth, and mourning have been brooded over time and time again. And with no definite answers to life's most puzzling question of death being gi
Authur Miller
Authur Miller
Authur Miller With the Death of a Salesman during the winter of 1949 on Broadway, Arthur Miller began to live as a playwright who has since been called one of this century's three great American dramatists. He has also written other powerful, often mind-altering plays: The Crucible, A View from the Bridge, A Memory of Two Mondays, After the Fall, Incident at Vichy, and The Price. And who could forget the film The Misfits and the dramatic special Playing for Time. Death of a Salesman was not Arth
Albert Camus
Albert Camus
Albert Camus Albert Camus was a French-Algerian novelist, essayist, dramatist, and journalist and a Nobel laureate. He was born in Algeria to a French father and Spanish mother. After his father was killed in WWI, he was raised in poverty by his grandmother and mother. He was forced to end his studies and limit his life in theatre as a playwright, director, and actor due to tuberculosis. He then turned his interest to politics and, after briefly being a member of the Communist party, he began a
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare William Shakespeare was a great English playwright, dramatist and poet who lived during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Shakespeare is considered to be the greatest playwright of all time. No other writer's plays have been produced so many times or read so widely in so many countries as his. Shakespeare was born to middle class parents. His father, John, was a Stratford businessman. He was a glove maker who owned a leather shop. John Shakespeare was a well
Shakespeare
Shakespeare
Shakespeare William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564. He was baptized on April 24, 1564, in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. He was the third of eight children born to John Shakespeare and Mary Arden. John was a well-known merchant and Mary was the daughter of a Roman Catholic member of the gentry. Shakespeare was educated at the local grammar school. According to history, Shakespeare was the eldest son, and he should have been the apprentice to his father's shop so that he could be taug
William Butler Yeats
William Butler Yeats
William Butler Yeats On June 13 1865 William Butler Yeats was born in Dublin Ireland. From the start Yeats had artistic influences, due to the fact that his father Jack Butler Yeats was a noted Irish painter. He had no formal education until he was eleven, at that time he started at the Godolphin Grammar School in Hammer*censored*h England and later he enrolled in Erasmus Smith High School in Dublin. Throughout his schooling he was considered disappointing student, his studies were inconsistent,
James Baldwin
James Baldwin
James Baldwin James Arthur Baldwin Life James Arthur Baldwin was born the first of nine children during 1924 in Harlem. His father, David, was a clergyman and a factory worker, and was the source of all of James Baldwin's fears. Baldwin's mother, Berdis, was a homemaker. Baldwin first started writing around age fourteen as a way of seeking the love which he was missing from his family life. During this time Baldwin attended Frederick Douglas Junior High School and DeWitt Clinton High School. Dur
Sophocles
Sophocles
Sophocles In 495 B.C. there was a child born about a mile outside of Athens. This child was to be named Sophocles. He was a boy whose father was a wealthy merchant. He now had the opportunity to enjoy all of life's greatest expectations in the Greek empire. Being that he was from a wealthy family, he had the chance to study all of the arts. By the time Sophocles reached his late teens, he was already known for his charm and elegance and was honored by being chosen to lead a challenging group of
Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury Ray Bradbury has written over more then five hundred published works and continues to keep writing. He is known as one of the best science fiction novelists and has won many awards and accommodations for it. After publishing his adult novel Fahrenheit 451, it was soon considered one of his best works. There is a question to be asked, Where does he get his inspiration and imagination to write wild stories of great fantasy? He stated that When people ask me where I get my imagination
Neil Simon
Neil Simon
Neil Simon As one of North America?s leading playwrights, Neil Simon has definitely been instrumental to the world of theater. He has experienced a somewhat shaky personal life, but he has found that this only adds to the texture of his work. He began his career working on radio and television, and found that writing for stage was significantly different than his previous experiences writing. His first attempts at theater were rough, but it didn?t take him long to achieve excellence. He has also
Lillian Hellman
Lillian Hellman
Lillian Hellman Comparing Lillian Hellman?s The Children?s Hour and The Little Foxes. Lillian Hellman was a well-known American dramatist who was born in 1905 in New Orleans (Hellman, 1999). She later moved and attended New York public schools and went on to go to New York University and Columbia University as well. Within the confines of her youth, there had been confusion about her family background (Harmon, 1999). There has always been talk about her parents troubled marriage and other even
John Dryden
John Dryden
John Dryden Research Essay on John Dryden John Dryden was born on an unsure date in 1631 in Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire. He was born the oldest of 14 children in a landed family of modest means. His parents sided with the Parliament against he King. There is some question to whether or not he was raised in a strict Puritan environment. His father was a country gentleman of moderate fortune. He was given the opportunity by his father to be educated at Westminster School and at the University of C
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare William Shakespeare was one of the best authors, actors/playwrights of all time. William's poetry was full of images from nature, gardening, agricultural, pursuits, and country folklore. He was born and died on exactly the same date 52 years later. William has written a total of 37 plays including articles of time, love, death, friendship and the immortality of poetry. William was exceptionally good at his work and he generated a few enemies along the way. William was born in
Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen Henrik Ibsen was born in the Stockman Building in Skien, Norway. He spent part of his childhood on Venst°p Farm after his father went bankrupt. In 1843, he was apprenticed to a chemist in Grimstad. That was when he began writing satire and elegant poems in the style of the time. He wrote his first play in 1849, a five-act tragedy in verse, Catiline, which was published in 1850 under the pseudonym Brynjolf Bjarme. The Warrior's Barrow was written and performed in 1850, as the first o
Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly Even before Grace Kelly married a prince, she had the aura of a princess. Frank Sinatra once commented, Grace was a princess from the moment she was born. She had remarkable elegance and sophistication that made her different from other Hollywood actresses. Some say she had an undertone of fire beneath her charm. Alfred Hitchcock, who directed her in three films, called her a snow covered volcano. Grace was born into a family of fame and success. Her father was a wealthy bricklay
George Brenard Shaw
George Brenard Shaw
George Brenard Shaw On the night of July 26th, 1856 one of the greatest playwrights in history, George Bernard Shaw, was born. George?s mother, Lucinda Elizabeth Gurly, was an aristocrat, while his father, George Gurly, was a poor alcoholic. Shaw had two sisters, Elinour Agness, who died of tuberculosis at age 20, and Lucinda Frances who died of starvation at age 40. Both were spinsters and had no children. In Dublin the theatre was the only thing that actually interested, and had something to o
Donald Barthelme
Donald Barthelme
Donald Barthelme Donald Barthelme Donald Barthelme has been called probably the most perversely gifted writer in the U.S. As well as one of the best, most significant and carefully developing young American writers (Harte and Riley, 41). He was born April 7, 1931 to Donald and Helen Barthelme in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Barthelme had a wide range of careers during his lifetime. He worked as a newspaper reporter and as a managing editor of Location, and art and literature review (Harte and Ril