Surface Temperatures

Lithosphere
Lithosphere
Lithosphere Notes on the lithosphere- (rock sphere) Upper most part is crust of earth. Compiled of rocks of outer crust. Outermost shell. Upper part- rocks we see at and near the earths surface. Crust is 5 to 10 km thick under most oceans and 24 to 60 km thick under the continents. The lithosphere under the crust is solid, dense material. (more dense than surface materials). Lithosphere 100-200 km. Notes on the aesthenosphere- zone beneath the lithosphere. Thick like tar. Weak because of high t
Presentation Dialogue
Presentation Dialogue
Presentation Dialogue SOLAR ENERGY. All life on Earth depends on energy from the sun. Solar energy is the source of energy for photosynthesis. It provides the warmth necessary for plants and animals to survive. The heat from the sun causes water on the Earth's surface to evaporate and form clouds that eventually provide fresh rainwater. Solar energy is the result of thermonuclear fusion reactions deep within the sun. These reactions produce so much energy that they keep the surface temperature
The Greenhouse Effect
The Greenhouse Effect
The Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect is an increase in the atmospheric temperature caused by increasing amounts of greenhouse gases. These gases act as a heat blanket insulating the Earth's surface absorbing and trapping heat radiation which normally escapes from the earth. They include carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, nitrous oxide, CFC's, and other halocarbons. The earth's atmosphere goes through two processes constantly. Global cooling is the first process. This process uses the
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE INTRODUCTION Internal Combustion Engine, a heat engine in which the fuel is burned ( that is, united with oxygen ) within the confining space of the engine itself. This burning process releases large amounts of energy, which are transformed into work through the mechanism of the engine. This type of engine different from the steam engine, which process with an external combustion engine that fuel burned apart from the engine. The principal types of internal combustion
Internal Structure Of The Earth
Internal Structure Of The Earth
Internal Structure of the Earth What is the evidence for our knowledge of the internal structure of the Earth? As we enter the twenty first century we are beginning to learn more and more about the composition of the Earth. Early predictions have thrown up some rather strange and peculiar thoughts as to what is making up our Earth, but now day??s scientists can be confident that the Earth is made up of what they think. As from experiments and other sources of information a picture to what is rea
Urban Heat Islands
Urban Heat Islands
Urban Heat Islands For more than 100 years, it has been known that two adjacent cities are generally warmer than the surrounding areas. This region of city warmth, known as an urban heat island, can influence the concentration of air pollution. The urban heat island is formed when industrial and urban areas are developed and heat becomes more abundant. In rural areas, a large part of the incoming solar energy is used to evaporate water from vegetation and soil. In cities, where less vegetation a
Animal Behavior
Animal Behavior
Animal Behavior Biology lb Abstract Animal behavior is predictable. Their behavioral tendencies are influenced by the relationship of its anatomy to their environment. By observing various forms of life, and associating the mechanism of their abilities to perform a behavioral action, evolutionary influence thereafter, can be analyzed and deduced from that point. Introduction The science and study of animal behavior involve an enormous array of complicated factors. For instance, stereotyped resp
The Greenhouse Effect
The Greenhouse Effect
The Greenhouse Effect This essay is going to describe what the greenhouse effect is and what it does.It is also going to say what causes the greenhouse effect and the consequences of it. What is meant by the term the greenhouse effect is that the heat from the sun comes into the Earth's atmosphere and cannot get out so becomes trapped.It gets its name because this is very much like a greenhouse.This effect occurs as the incoming short wave radiation is changed when it hits the Earth's surface in
The Atmospheric Ozone Layer
The Atmospheric Ozone Layer
The Atmospheric Ozone Layer The stratospheric ozone layer exists at altitudes between about 10 and 40km depending on latitude, just above the tropopause. Its existence is crucial for life on earth as we know it, because the ozone layer controls the absorption of a portion of the deadly ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. UV-A rays, including wavelengths between 320 and 400nm, are not affected by ozone. UV-C rays between 200 and 280nm, are absorbed by the other atmospheric constituents besides oz
The Rain Forest
The Rain Forest
The Rain Forest The destruction of the rainforest is a problem that the people of the world can not continue to ignore. 14 percent of the Earth's land used to be covered by rainforests yet this number has dropped significantly to only about 6 percent (http://www.ran.org/ran/info_center/index.html). Rainforests provide the people of the world with many necessities, some of which would no longer be available if rainforests did not exist. In the last 50 years, rainforests have declined at a terrify
Hurricanes
Hurricanes
Hurricanes Hurricanes get their start over the warm tropical waters of the North Atlantic Ocean near the equator. Most hurricanes appear in late summer or early fall, when sea temperatures are at their highest. The warm waters heats the air above it, and the updrafts of warm, moist air begin to rise. Day after day the fluffy cumuli form atop the updrafts. But the cloud tops rarely rise higher than about 6,000 feet. At that height in the tropics, there is usually a layer of warm, dry air that act
Greenhousing The Wrong Way
Greenhousing The Wrong Way
Greenhousing the Wrong Way By Andy & Luke Exactly what is the Greenhouse Effect? The Greenhouse Effect is the common name given to global warming. The effect is named so due to its similarities to the function of a greenhouse. Heat from the sun is allowed into our atmosphere, and then bounces off of the Earth and heads back out to space. But now that we have a wall of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrous Oxide, and CFC's, the sun's heat rays bounce back towards the Earth. The continuous burning
Global Warming
Global Warming
Global Warming The greenhouse effect, in environmental science, is a popular term for the effect that certain variable constituents of the Earth's lower atmosphere have on surface temperatures. It has been known since 1896 that Earth has been warmed by a blanket of gasses (This is called the ?greenhouse effect.?). The gases--water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), and methane (CH4)--keep ground temperatures at a global average of about 15 degrees C (60 degrees F). Without them the average would
Global Warming
Global Warming
Global Warming Mission Plan a. Analysis of the Problem 1. History of the Problem Some scientist's have been concerned since 1896 about what might happen if there were 5.5 billion tons carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. In 1961 a British scientist did an experiment showing that the carbon in the air was absorbing some of the sun's radiation. Afterward a Swedish scientist, Suante Arrhenius, found out if the radiation of the sun was trapped in the carbon dioxide the temperature of the earth would in
Faster Dissolved Oxygen Test Kit
Faster Dissolved Oxygen Test Kit
Faster Dissolved Oxygen Test Kit Purpose The purpose of my project is to determine if there is any significant difference in dissolved oxygen (DO) levels as measured by the traditional HACH? method or the newly developed CHEMets? test kit under typical field conditions. Hypothesis My hypothesis is that there is no significant difference in dissolved oxygen (DO) levels as measured by the traditional HACH? method or the newly developed CHEMets? test kit under typical field conditions. Review of Li
El Nino
El Nino
El Nino Typically, the level of ocean water around the world is higher in the western Pacific and lower in the eastern, near the Western coast of South and North America. This is due primarily to the presence of easterly winds in the Pacific, which drag the surface water westward and raise the thermocline relatively all the way up to the surface in the east and dampen it in the west. During El Nino conditions, however, the easterlies move east, reducing the continuing interaction between wind an
The Grapes Of Wrath
The Grapes Of Wrath
The Grapes of Wrath The Grapes of Wrath is an eye-opening novel which deals with the struggle for survival of a migrant family of farmers in the western United States. The book opens with a narrative chapter describing Oklahoma, and the overall setting. It sets the mood of an area which has been ravished by harsh weather. The sun flared down on the growing corn day after day until a line of brown spread along the edge of each green bayonet. The surface of the earth crusted, a thin hard crust, a
Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Weapons A major problem concerning the world today is the disposal of nuclear weapons. With the Cold War, we have seen a massive build up of nuclear weapons, and no, that we are no longer in a state of global warfare, what is to be done with them? As a result of the build-up in nuclear weapons during the cold war the world is now facing major environmental problems trying to deactivate them, and in addition major debate are occurring on the policies of disarmament and deterrence as solut
Carl Gustav Jung
Carl Gustav Jung
Carl Gustav Jung Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) was a son of a minister in Switzerland. He was born on July 26, in the small village of Kesswil on Lake Constance. He was named after his grandfather, a professor of medicine at the University of Basel. He was the oldest child and only surviving son of a Swiss Reform pastor. Two brothers died in infancy before Jung was born. Jung's mother was a neurotic and often fought with his father. Father was usually lonely and very irritable. When the child cou
Mount St. Helen
Mount St. Helen
Mount St. Helen Mount St. Helen is a volcano located along the Cascade range which is a volcano chain stretching from Northern California to British Colombia. It now stands at a height of 8,364 feet above sea level. Mount St. Helen was on of the smaller eruptions of five major ones in Washington State. It?s elevation before the eruption was 9,677 feet high. On March 29, 1980 after a period of one-hundred and twenty-three years of inactivity a earthquake under the volcano quaked, and seven days
The 9 Biomos
The 9 Biomos
Temperate Rainforest Many temperate rain forests have summer fogs that keep the forests cool and moist in the hottest months. Coastal mountains: temperate rain forests occur where mountain ranges are close to the coast; coastal mountains increase rainfall on the ocean-facing slopes. The average annual rainfall in the Temperate Rainforests of the Pacific Northwest is 145 in.(Cavendish). Temperate Rainforests around the world average from 60-200 inches of rainfall per year. (wikispace.com) The tem
Sanjana Ahmed
Sanjana Ahmed
Sanjana Ahmed Mariam Afzal, Marya Lopez, Chaya Sussman Lab Report 1 The Effect of NaCl on the Swimming Speed of Paramecium tetraurelia Hypothesis: An experiment was conducted to see how different pesticides affect organisms, such as Paramecium tetraurelia. Paramecium tetraurelia is a unicellular ciliate from the kingdom Protista. Paramecium move with the assistance of cilia. Cilia are hair like structure surrounding the Paramecium (McMahon, 2016). Paramecium moves in a straight line in water an
Food Safety
Food Safety
Food Safety Tiffany Sabala 220/SCI June 5, 2017 Erik Kirk Food Safety Scenario 1 . Based on Scenario 1, what are the possible sources of food-borne illness? After looking at the possible food-borne illnesses it is one of two I think. It could be Campylobacter jejuni, which is from unpasteurized milk, untreated water, undercooked meat and poultry, with a fever, headache, diarrhea, abdominal pain 2-5 days after contamination and can last 2-10 days. However, the main culprit I believe is Escherich
Chapter 9 Case Study
Chapter 9 Case Study
: Chapter 9 Case Study : Instructions : Read the Case Study, view the film, then answer ONE of the questions, using information from the film, Case Study, and textbook. Across Russia's many landscapes, geography influences the problems people face and the solutions they are considering since the dissolution of the Soviet Union. 1.  Define continentality. What factors of continentality affect Vologda? 2.  Explain the role of collective farming in the centrally planned economy of the former S
Atmosphere Diagram
Atmosphere Diagram
Atmosphere Diagram Andrea Lee GEO/187 2October2017 Suzanne Mcininch Atmosphere Diagram Clouds can be further classified based on their altitude, with three categories present. High clouds are usually found at altitudes greater than 6 km (20,000 ft.) and generally consist of cirrus clouds because very little water vapor is present and the temperatures are cold. Middle clouds range between approximately 2 km and 6 km (6500 ft. and 20,000 ft.) and include cumulus and stratus clouds that form durin