Thinker

The Cages Of Maya Angelou
The Cages Of Maya Angelou
The Cages Of Maya Angelou Maya Angelou wrote an amazing and entertaining autobiography titled I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings, about her hard life growing up as a black girl from the South. Among the hardships are things known as cages as stated as a metaphor from Paul Dunbar?s poem Sympathy. Cages are things that keep people from succeeding in life and being everything they want to be. Some of Maya Angelou?s cages include being black in the 1940?s and her overbearing grandmother. For me a
DIDEROT: THE ENLIGHTENED PHILOSOPHER
DIDEROT: THE ENLIGHTENED PHILOSOPHER
DIDEROT: THE ENLIGHTENED PHILOSOPHER Denis Diderot was born in 1713 in the pious town of Langres, France. He was the oldest surviving child of a family whose long tradition it was to make renowned cutlery. At the age of thirteen, he decided to leave school because he became impatient with his teachers. They weren't feeding him enough of the information he craved. He decided to join his father in the cutlery business. That lasted for four days. He simply described his family's trade as boring. Di
The Life Of Emily Dickens
The Life Of Emily Dickens
The Life of Emily Dickens Emily Dickinson was raised in a traditional New England home in the mid 1800's. Her father along with the rest of the family had become Christians and she alone decided to rebel against that and reject the Church. She like many of her contemporaries had rejected the traditional views in life and adopted the new transcendental outlook. Massachusetts, the state where Emily was born and raised in, before the transcendental period was the epicenter of religious practice. Fo
The Life Of Aristotle
The Life Of Aristotle
The Life of Aristotle When Plato died in 347 bc, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias (died 345 bc), was ruler. There he counseled Hermias and married his niece and adopted daughter, Pythias. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians, Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned to Athe
Freud And Marx
Freud And Marx
Freud and Marx Hey! I got an A- on this paper, so I guess it's pretty good! I put my own personal spin to it in that not only did I compare Freud and Marx's viewpoints, I stated that perhaps what they saw in society was just a reflection of their own biases and personal inner feelings. Freud and Marx it can be argued were both, as individuals, dissatisfied with their societies. Marx more plainly than Freud, but Freud can also be seen as discontent in certain aspects such as his cynical view of
Natural Law Theory
Natural Law Theory
Natural Law Theory Natural Law Theory The natural law theory is a theory that dates back to the time of the Greeks and great thinkers like Plato and Aristotle. Defined as the law which states that human are inborn with certain laws preordained into them which let them determine what is right and what is wrong.(Bainton 174) This theory was them adapted by religious philosophers to fit the Christian religion.(Berkhof 114) This, however was not exactly the same as the original. The classical thinke
Coercive Prayer In Public Schools
Coercive Prayer In Public Schools
Coercive Prayer in Public Schools Prevent Coercive Prayer in Public Schools The First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America reads: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. This amendment, commonly called the Establishment Clause, forms the foundation of the right of every American to practice their chosen religion freely and without the interference of the government. In 1947, the Supreme Court issued
Gothic Age
Gothic Age
Gothic Age Gothic For nearly four hundred years Gothic style dominated the architecture of Western Europe. It originated in northern France in the twelfth century, and spread rapidly across England and the Continent, invading the old Viking empire of Scandinavia. It confronted the Byzantine provinces of Central Europe and even made appearances in the near East and the Americas. Gothic architects designed town halls, royal palaces, courthouses, and hospitals. They fortified cities and castles to
Myths
Myths
Myths Myths In Human Civilization Throughout the history of human civilization, myths have been an integral part of human society. Myths have no cultural boundaries as they can be found in all cultural societies. The word myth can be referred to the classical Greek and Roman mythology or a contemporary myth. Regardless of the type of myth, they are stories used to give meaning to a phenomenon or symbolic manner to the natural cycles that surround humankind. Myths are used to explain and understa
Power And The Declaration Of Independence
Power And The Declaration Of Independence
Power and The Declaration of Independence There are many abstractions in the Declaration of Independence. These abstractions such as: rights, freedom, liberty and happiness have become the foundations of American society and have helped to shape the American Identity. Power, another abstraction that reoccurs in all the major parts of the Declaration of Independence plays an equally important role in shaping America identity. One forgets the abstraction of power, because it appears in relatio
Liberalism And Freedom
Liberalism And Freedom
Liberalism and Freedom Liberalism is a force that has produced change from the birth of this nation to the politics of today. Liberal tenets have been a basis of thought and action in American politics since well before the signing of the Constitution. Certainly, liberalism has had to transform in order to remain a legitimate force throughout the years. When considering this transformation, one may ask whether or not the ideas and goals of classical liberalism have been lost in the conversion in
Interest Groups
Interest Groups
Interest Groups Interest Group is defined as an organized body of individuals who try to influence public policy. This system is designed so that interest groups would be an instrument of public influence on politics to create changes, but would not threaten the government much. Whether this is still the case or not is an important question that we must find out. Interest groups play many different roles in the American political system, such as representation, participation, education, and pr
Socialism
Socialism
Socialism The term socialism is commonly used to refer both to an ideology--a comprehensive set of beliefs or ideas about the nature of human society and its future desirable state--and to a state of society based on that ideology. Socialists have always claimed to stand above all for the values of equality, social justice, cooperation, progress, and individual freedom and happiness, and they have generally sought to realize these values by the abolition of the private-enterprise economy (see CA
Pros And Cons Of Judicial Review
Pros And Cons Of Judicial Review
Pros and Cons of Judicial Review Adam Kimball Pol. 1110 Instr. Madigan 12/10/96 Judicial Review is the power given to Supreme court justices in which a judge has the power to reason whether a law is unconstitutional or not. Chief Justice John Marshall initiated the Supreme Court's right to translate the Constitution in 1803 following the case of Marbury Vs. Madison, in which he declared the Supreme Court as the sole interpreters of Constitutional law. This is one of the sole purposes of the Supr
Has Political Islam Failed In Algeria?
Has Political Islam Failed In Algeria?
Has Political Islam Failed in Algeria? The question whether Political Islam has failed or not due to the internal structure of the Islamic political movement, in either Algeria or any other country in the Islamic World, is an important question for the analysis of the politicized Islamic phenomena. Olivier Roy sees the movement as a failure, not only in Algeria but also in the whole area from Casablanca to Tashkent, the movement has resulted in failure due to many reasons that are seen as common
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy Andy Carroll July 8th, 1996 I. Meaning of Democracy II. Summary of Places and Dates III. Features of Democracy IV. Types of Democracy V. Early Democracy A. Athens B. Rome VI. Middle Ages and England VII. The Renaissance A. United States of America B. France VIII. Modern Times IX. Important People Demos Kratia, or democracy, as it is used today, means ? the people rule.? A democracy is a form of government is run by the people of that country through elections and representation. A demo
Divine Law, And Human Law. The Pursuit Of Happiness Is A Search For Th
Divine Law, And Human Law. The Pursuit Of Happiness Is A Search For Th
divine law, and human law. The pursuit of happiness is a search for the good life, which is composed of virtuous actions and falls under the realm of divine law. Generosity consists in giving neither too little nor too much. Aristotle also describes intellectual virtue and moral virtue, which correspond to the soul, or as Aquinas classified it, part of the Eternal law. The effort to perform virtuous acts creates the desire to do the right thing for its own sake and also creates practical wisdom.
Reviving The Death Penalty
Reviving The Death Penalty
Reviving The Death Penalty An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth is one of the oldest and most famous sayings in the world. It comes from the Mosaic Law in the Bible and it is an edict that has ruled millions for thousands of years. Today the issue of capital punishment has our nation split down the middle. The two sides have drawn lines in the sand and are emphatically holding their ground. The need for capital punishment is greater today then it has been at anytime in the past for several r
Law Of Nations: An Overview
Law Of Nations: An Overview
Law of Nations: An Overview Human nature consists of three basic components. These are to live, to propagate and to dominate. If Humanity was left without any other parameters, this natural state of existence would govern its behavior. Fortunately, there are parameters that exist. These parameters are law. The topic of this paper addresses the type of law that operates in creating potential boundaries for the behavior of states. This law is called the Law of Nations or international law. Patrick
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment
Capital Punishment Law&Justice Class Senior Year Mr. Carlisle Law and Justice 18 March 1995 The theory a life for a life is as old as civilization itself (McCiellan 9). The development of civilizations established what we call justice today. Capital punishment, the execution of a criminal convicted of a crime, or the legal taking of the life of a criminal, can be divided into three categories: first, crimes against the person; second, crimes against property; and third, crimes which endanger
Capital Punishment: Against
Capital Punishment: Against
Capital Punishment: Against The use of capital punishment has been a permanent fixture in society since the earliest civilizations and continues to be used as a form of punishment in countries today. It has been used for various crimes ranging from the desertion of soldiers during wartime to the more heinous crimes of serial killers. However, the mere fact that this brutal form of punishment and revenge has been the policy of many nations in the past does not subsequently warrant its implementat
A Modest Proposal
A Modest Proposal
A Modest Proposal Swift's A Modest Proposal, in which he suggests that the problem of Irish poverty can be solved by the sale of the children of the poor for consumption, is above all things a criticism of human faults: extremism of thinking, greed, pride, hypocrisy, intolerance, and insensitivity. His use of ireony is evident even in the title: the idea that not only should poor Irish children be eaten, but that they should be bred for eating is certainly anything but modest. Swift's plan is
Connecticut Yank
Connecticut Yank
Connecticut Yank A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court is a complicated novel that fundamentally deals with the concept of the human experience. Hank Morgan is a nineteenth century mechanic who is transported back thirteen centuries to medieval Britain, during the time of King Arthur. After his initial shock, he becomes determined to civilize Camelot by introducing modern industrial technology. At an initial look Twain seems to be favoring the industrialized capitalist society that he li
Crime And Punishment
Crime And Punishment
Crime and Punishment Raskolnikov, Why?d you do it? The character Raskolnikov in the novel Crime and Punishment is among one of the most realistic and believable characters I have ever read about. He is also the most confusing and distraught man I have been introduced to this entire year. Raskolnikov possesses the most varying personality imaginable and this makes the reasoning behind his actions a mystery, especially in the case of the murder. Determining the rationale in killing the old pawnbro
Brave New World
Brave New World
Brave New World BRAVE NEW WORLD BRAVE New World was published in 1932. It is a remarkable piece of science fiction for both its time and our own. It seems to withstand the intervening 65 years, primarily because of its depiction of a tightly controlled, rigidly stratified homogenous society. Issues of social control are as relevant today as in 1932, perhaps more so. Reproductive technology plays a key role in the social control of Brave New World. Reproduction takes place in a Hatchery. Excise
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism Buddhism is one of the major religions of the world it was founded by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, who lived in northern India from c.560 to c.480 BC. The time of the Buddha was a time of social and religious change, the development of trade and cities, the breakdown of old tribal traditions, and the rise of many new religious movements that answered the demands of the times. These movements came from the Brahmanic tradition of Hinduism but were also reactions against it. Of the new
The Republican Party
The Republican Party
The Republican Party Introduction The Republican Party, since its first convention in Michigan in 1854, has had a philosophy that has remained relatively unchanged. Its oath entices Americans to believe that good government is based on the individual and that each person's ability, dignity, freedom and responsibility must be honored and recognized How do the Republican philosophies hold up to the ideas of some of the political thinkers that we have discussed in class. In the selection to follo
A Dolls House And Tess Of The DUrbevilles
A Dolls House And Tess Of The DUrbevilles
A Doll's House and Tess of the D'Urbevilles During the late nineteenth century, women were beginning to break out from the usual molds. Two authors from that time period wrote two separate but very similar pieces of literature. Henrik Ibsen wrote the play A Doll's House, and Thomas Hardy wrote Tess of the D'Urbervilles. Ibsen and Hardy both use the male characters to contrast with their female counterparts to illustrate how women are stronger by following their hearts instead of their minds. Ibs
Self-Reliance
Self-Reliance
Self-Reliance 1. The essay that I elected to read and analyze was Self-Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson. 2. The Transcendental Movement held a strong opinion that one should have complete faith in oneself. Emerson, being an avid transcendentalist, believed in this philosophy. He supported this concept that we should rely on our own intuition and beliefs. Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string. Emerson, along with the Transcendental Movement, believed in the vitality of self-relia
Comparative Politics
Comparative Politics
Comparative Politics Comparative Politics, typically defined as the study of the internal politics of nations other than our own, is a diverse and complex field. There is no one central tendency or approach which dominates this area of inquiry within political science: various theories, concepts, issues and methodologies are evident in the field. While it is recognized that no simple classification can be made of the literature, we are encouraged to be aware of contrasting approaches, and to en
Term Limits In U.S. Government
Term Limits In U.S. Government
Term Limits in U.S. Government Mark P. Petracca's idea that government should be kept as near to the people as possible chiefly through frequent elections and rotation-in-office is quite common in early republican thought and generally agreed upon by the America's revolutionary thinkers. Although the debate over limiting legislative terms dates back to the beginnings of political science, it was not until the 1990's that the doctrine began to be taken seriously when voters started to approve t
A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthurs Court
A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthurs Court
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court Knowledge and Technology in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur?s Court A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur?s Court is a complicated novel that fundamentally deals with the concept of the human experience. Hank Morgan is a nineteenth century mechanic who is transported back thirteen centuries to medieval Britain, during the time of King Arthur. After his initial shock, he becomes determined to civilize Camelot by introducing modern industrial technolog
Harrison Bergeron
Harrison Bergeron
Harrison Bergeron Kurt Vonnegut Jr.?s Too Equal Society The society that the story Harrison Bergeron portrays, is one with no passion, no spirit, merely one with no individuality. Kurt Vonnegut Jr. does a great job in satirizing the American political system. Stanley Schatt notices this in his biography of Vonnegut, where he states that Vonnegut writes political fables that satirize the American political and this country?s relationship with both China and the Soviet Union (133). The people of t
Brave New World - The Conflict Between Mond And The Savage
Brave New World - The Conflict Between Mond And The Savage
Brave New World - the conflict between Mond and the Savage BRAVE NEW WORLD Community, Identity, Stability... or Conspiracy, Ignorance, Sterility? In BNW, we are presented with 2 completely different worlds. The first mocks the supposed utopia of the 'perfect' world. The people who live in this Utopia believe... no, they don't even believe, as 'believe' implies they have a choice in the matter... they are conditioned, brainwashed, into accepting and embracing this fantasy place. We can see just h
Emily Dickinsons Poetry
Emily Dickinsons Poetry
Emily Dickinson's Poetry Emily Dickinson's Poetry Emily Dickinson was raised in a traditional New England home in the mid 1800's. Her father along with the rest of the family had become Christians and she alone decided to rebel against that and reject the Church. She like many of her contemporaries had rejected the traditional views in life and adopted the new transcendental outlook. Massachusetts, the state where Emily was born and raised in, before the transcendental period was the epicenter o
Locke And The Rights Of Children
Locke And The Rights Of Children
Locke and the Rights of Children Locke firmly denies Filmer's theory that it is morally permissible for parents to treat their children however they please: They who allege the Practice of Mankind, for exposing or selling their Children, as a Proof of their Power over them, are with Sir Rob. happy Arguers, and cannot but recommend their Opinion by founding it on the most shameful Action, and most unnatural Murder, humane Nature is capable of. (First Treatise, sec.56) Rather, Locke argues that
Virtu And Fortuna
Virtu And Fortuna
Virtu and Fortuna Virtu and Fortuna Under close scrutiny, The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli is seen to be a mind-baffling construct of many levels of meaning, and, many might say, enigmatically so. It is hard to determine where Machiavelli is writing in earnest and where in sarcasm or self-condemnation. As John Plamenatz says, the perverse Machiavelli likes to make himself out worse than he is. He likes at times to shock his contemporaries... No doubt he succeeds. The important message here,
Utopia
Utopia
Utopia As its title hints, the essay which follows is not the history but biographical of an idea. The idea for the book called Utopia. Like all ideas for books it was born and had its whole life span in the mind of an author. Like all such ideas it ceased to be when the printed book Utopia became a black-on-white reality. Although there is no accurate record of its birth date, it seems to have been born in the mind of Sir Thomas More. As the writer I shall have to take into account the environm
Aristotle
Aristotle
Aristotle Aristotle was born in 384 BC and lived until 322 BC. He was a Greek philosopher and scientist, who shares with Plato being considered the most famous of ancient philosophers. He was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. When he was 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He stayed for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347 BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his named He
Pablo Friere
Pablo Friere
Pablo Friere Based on the demands of our educational system, our society is forced to conform to the level of education that they want us to be at. This educational distortion is beneficiary to the educator's realm and the way of governing education . We are seen as merely objects rather than subjects and are fed only facts/information that the educator only wants us to memorize not actually comprehend it or even ask questions or give our opinions to given facts/information. This is what makes t
John Locke
John Locke
John Locke Perhaps one of, if not the, most historically influential political thinkers of the western world was John Locke. John Locke, the man who initiated what is now known as British Empiricism, is also considered highly influential in establishing grounds, theoretically at least, for the constitution of the United States of America. The basis for understanding Locke is that he sees all people as having natural God given rights. As God?s creations, this denotes a certain equality, at least
Descartes
Descartes
Descartes Rene Descartes was one of the most influential thinkers in the history of the philosophy. Born in 1596, he lived to become a great mathematician, scientist, and philosopher. In fact, he became one of the central intellectual figures of the sixteen hundreds. He is believed by some to be the father of modern philosophy, although he was hampered by living in a time when other prominent scientists, such as Galileo, were persecuted for their discoveries and beliefs. Although this probably h
Ralph Waldo
Ralph Waldo
Ralph Waldo Introduction Ralph Waldo Emerson ?was truly one of our great geniuses even though he may have a short biography (Hodgins 212). But as Emerson once said himself, Great geniuses have the shortest biographies. Emerson was also a major leader of the philosophical movement of Transcendentalism . (Encarta 1) Transcendentalism was belief in a higher reality than that found everyday life that a human can achieve. Biographical Information Emerson was born on May 25, 1803 in Boston, Massachuse
John Dalton
John Dalton
John Dalton John Dalton was born in September 5,1766 in Eaglesfield in Cumberland, England. Dalton and his family lived in a small country house. His family had been Quakers since 1690. Quakers where members of a society of friends. John had a brother named Mary and A brother named Charles, when he was born his brother was twelve years old and his sister was two years old. Dalton's birth was not recorded, so when he grew up older he asked one of his relatives and got and answer which was his bir
Emily Dickinson
Emily Dickinson
Emily Dickinson Emily Dickinson was raised in a traditional New England home in the mid 1800's. Her father along with the rest of the family had become Christians and she alone decided to rebel against hat and reject the Church. She like many of her contemporaries had rejected the traditional views in life and adopted the new transcendental outlook. Massachusetts, the state where Emily was born and raised in, before the transcendental period was the epicenter of religious practice. Founded by th
John F. Kennedy In Vietnam
John F. Kennedy In Vietnam
John F. Kennedy in Vietnam JOHN F. KENNEDY IN VIETNAM There are many critical questions surrounding United States involvement in Vietnam. American entry to Vietnam was a series of many choices made by five successive presidents during these years of 1945-1975. The policies of John F. Kennedy during the years of 1961-1963 were ones of military action, diplomacy, and liberalism. Each of his decision was on its merits at the time the decision was made. The belief that Vietnam was a test of the Amer
Abstractions In Power-Writing
Abstractions In Power-Writing
Abstractions in Power-Writing There are many abstractions in the Declaration of Independence. These abstractions such as: rights, freedom, liberty and happiness have become the foundations of American society and have helped to shape the American Identity. Power, another abstraction that reoccurs in all the major parts of the Declaration of Independence plays an equally important role in shaping America identity. One forgets the abstraction of power, because it appears in relation to other
18th Century European Enlightenment
18th Century European Enlightenment
18th Century European Enlightenment The Enlightenment is a name given by historians to an intellectual movement that was predominant in the Western world during the 18th century. Strongly influenced by the rise of modern science and by the aftermath of the long religious conflict that followed the Reformation, the thinkers of the Enlightenment (called philosophes in France) were committed to secular views based on reason or human underezding only, which they hoped would provide a basis for bene
Political Effects Of The Renaissance
Political Effects Of The Renaissance
Political Effects of the Renaissance History has shown us how civilizations evolve over time. Broadly interpreted, the age of Diocletian marked a decisive stage in the transition from the classical, the Greco-Roman, civilization of the ancient Roman Empire to the Christian-Germanic civilization of the early Middle Ages. Similarly interpreted, the age of the Renaissance marked the transition from the civilization of the Middle Ages to the modern world(Ferguson 1). Therefore, the Renaissance is
Politics Of Plato And Aristotle
Politics Of Plato And Aristotle
Politics of Plato and Aristotle To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth. Plato is regarded by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy, and Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. These two men were great thinkers. They each had ideas of how to improve existing societies during their individual lifetimes. It is necessary to look at several areas of each theory to seek the difference in eac